Only Sumatran Tiger Left in Wild
Indonesia has three tiger sub-species namely Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica). Of the three tiger siblings are only the remaining Sumatran tiger. Bali tigers and Java tigers are declared extinct based on IUCN report 2014). This is revealed in the book “Spatio – Temporal Patterns of Human Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra 2001 – 2016”.
Humans have been living side by side with the tiger for a long time. Human and tiger conflicts continue to occur. The extinction of Javanese tiger is proof, human and tiger conflicts could be the main cause of the extinction of this rare species.
Currently only Sumatran tigers are left in Indonesia. The latest population analysis by the Ministry of Environment and Forests this year (2017) mentions the Sumatran tiger population is currently less than 700 tigers in wild. This population is constantly threatened by poaching including human and wildlife conflicts.
Considering this critical situation, efforts to prevent and reduce all cases that lead to tiger deaths need to be done to succeed Sumatran tiger conservation.
Specifically with regard to human and tiger conflicts, to prevent and mitigate such conflicts, an understanding of the scale and distribution of critical conflicts is needed to allocate resources effectively and efficiently. The last report on the characteristics of human and tiger conflicts was published by Nyhus & Tilson in 2004.
The handling of human and tiger conflicts in Sumatra received serious attention after the document of Sumatran tiger conservation strategy was published in 2007. The book “Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Human Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra 2001-2016” analyze the locations of conflicts and the victims of conflicts including livestock, humans and tigers . Reports in this book will be useful to prevent and reduce future human and tiger conflicts in the future. Project Sumatran Tiger will report the findings into series of articles discussing human tiger conflicts.