Asian Waterbird Census 2018: Team Finds Rare Birds at Cemara Beach

Asian Waterbird Census 2018 from 6 to 21 January 2018 provided opportunity for Berbak-Sembilang National Park and Balai KSDA Jambi to held monitoring of migratory birds at Cemara Beach, Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency (Tanjabtim), Jambi Province, from the 15th -17 January 2018. This activity was supported by GEF-UNDP Sumatran Tiger Project.

Cemara Beach is known as one of the migratory water birds stop locations migrating from the north to the south part of the Earth. Pantai Cemara is also a part of Berbak Ramsar Site since 1992, and it was established by the Governor of Jambi as a migratory waterbird protection area through the Jambi Governor’s Decree No.456 of 1996.

This monitoring activity aimed to collect data on the type and number of migratory bird populations in Pantai Cemara and to promote Pantai Cemara as one of the special interest tourist sites for the observation of the Bird Migrant Bird, thereby increasing the economic income of the people around Cemara Beach and Berbak-Sembilang National Park. The promotion is also expected to foster birdwatching initiatives among students and the communities in Jambi Province, and to increase people’s attention and Tanjabtim Government towards the conservation of Cemara Beach.

This activity involved relevant stakeholders consisting of Tourism Department of Tanjabtim Government, Tourism Activity Organizer in Jambi, students and university students of University of Jambi, local and international NGO (Gita Buana, Zoological Society of London and Wetlands International Indonesia Program), and also local community in Pantai Cemara .

In this activity, migratory birdwatching team found 30 species of aquatic birds on Cemara Beach with a total population of 13,357 individuals dominated by Blue-sea Ekor-blorok (Limosa lapponica), Blue-tailed Sea (Limosa limosa) (Charadrius mongolus), Trinil Bedaran (Xenus cinereus), and Kedidi Besar (Calidris tenuirostris).

One of the observed Trinil species is Trinil Lumpur Asia (Limnodromus semipalmatus) with IUCN near threaten status, where its population is estimated to be only 23,000 in the world. Of the 30 species of Water Birds 2 Type is the type of resident, namely Little Egretta (Egretta garzetta) and Cangak Merah (Ardea purpurea).

The team also managed to find migratory orange-water birds (installed in Victoria, Australia), white flags (installed on North Island, New Zealand), and black-and-white flags (installed in Chongming Dao-China).

Cemara Beach area has the potential as a tourist attraction but requires improvement in infrastructure to facilitate access to the location. The existence of migratory birds can be a special attraction for domestic and foreign tourists. Currently to reach the Cemara Beach can be done by land using two-wheeled vehicles or by sea using a speedboat. But it is still difficult because of damaged roads and bridges and high waves in the west wind season (October – April).

Some conditions need to be of concern in Cemara beach are high abrasion and community activities that use motorcycles to take shells on the beach. Both of these can threaten the function of Pantai Cemara as a stopover location for the Bird Migrant Bird.

Recapitulation of Waterbird Monitoring Results in Pantai Cemara 

No. Name of Species Local name Number of individuals Info
Pantai Cemara  
1 Egretta garzetta Kuntul kecil                        13 Resident
2 Ardea purpurea Cangak merah                          2 Resident
3 Actitis hypoleucos Trinil pantai                        31 Migrant
4 Charadrius alexandrinus Cerek tilil                      654 Migrant
5 Charadrius leschenaultii Cerek-pasir besar                      344 Migrant
6 Charadrius mongolus Cerek-pasir Mongolia                   2.276 Migrant
7 Charadrius dealbatus White-faced Plover                          4 Migrant
8 Pluvialis fulva Cerek kernyut                        30 Migrant
9 Pluvialis squatarola Cerek besar                      166 Migrant
10 Calidris ferruginea Kedidi golgol                      108 Migrant
11 Calidris tenuirostris Kedidi besar                   1.054 Migrant
12 Calidris alba Kedidi putih                          6 Migrant
13 Calidris ruficollis Kedidi leher-merah                        52 Migrant
14 Xenus cinereus Trinil bedaran                   1.916 Migrant
15 Tringa totanus Trinil kaki-merah                        44 Migrant
16 Tringa nebularia Trinil kaki-hijau                      964 Migrant
17 Tringa stagnatilis Trinil rawa                        48 Migrant
18  Tringa glareola Trinil semak                          2 Migrant
19 Limosa limosa Biru-laut ekor-hitam                   2.106 Migrant
20 Limosa lapponica Biru-laut ekor-blorok                   3.368 Migrant
21 Limnodromus semipalmatus Trinil lumpur Asia                        30 Migrant
22 Numenius phaeopus Gajahan penggala                        14 Migrant
23 Numenius arquata Gajahan besar                          5 Migrant
24 Numenius madagascariensis Gajahan timur                          3 Migrant
25 Sterna hirundo Dara-laut kecil                        47 Migrant
26 Sterna albifrons Dara-laut kecil                          9 Migrant
27 Sterna caspia Dara-laut Kaspia                        16 Migrant
28 Sterna bengalensis Dara-laut Benggala                        15 Migrant
29 Sterna bergii Dara-laut jambul                          7 Migran
30 Chlidonia hybridus Dara-laut kumis                        23 Migrant
Total                13.357 Local and migratory birds

Contact 

Unit Manajemen Proyek Sumatran Tiger

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan

Gd. Manggala Wanabakti, Blok 1, Lt.15, Ruang B7 Jl. Gatot Subroto, Senayan, Jakarta, 10270

Telp: +62 21 578 52990

Email: info@sumatrantiger.id

You may also like

Leave a comment