Directorate of Conservation Areas supported by Sumatran Tiger Project organized Workshop on Improving the Effectiveness of Management of Conservation Areas at Ciputra Hotel, Jakarta between 16-18 July 2018. The workshop aimed to identify the budget, explained the result of assessment on management effectiveness in conservation areas in Indonesia, and setting up priorities to achieve management effectiveness in conservation areas. Output expected from this workshop is a description of essential activities in conservation area management and the costs needed.
Director General of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation, Wiratno, in his introduction, said that this workshop was very important even though the study was only in the Sumatra region. “I have seen SMART Patrol’s results are very good, but there is no meaning if they are not used in management to determine the priority scale,” he said.
According to Pak Wir, he was called, the determination of priority scale was related to how the budget could be distributed to appropriate activities. “I hope that this workshop will come out with something concrete. This is a workshop that I should attend, this is our core business, “he said.
In this two-days workshop, participants came from Directorate of Conservation Areas, Directorate of Biodiversity Conservation, Sumatran Tiger Project, four national parks in Sumatra, namely Gunung Leuser, Kerinci Seblat, Berbak Sembilang and Bukit Barisan Selatan, Natural Resources Conservation Agency and non-governmental organizations, divided into three groups to discuss six essential activities in conservation area management.
The six activities include: Planning for conservation area management; Management of ecotourism; Monitoring the importance of conservation areas; Protection of conservation areas; Ecosystem recovery and Community Empowerment.
The workshop concluded that essential / key activities in management of conservation areas could be identified with assumption that precondition activities had been carried out. “For example, the RPJP can be prepared with assumption that the results of the inventory and zoning can be the basis of the RPJP, the conflict has been resolved, the priority security and monitoring locations have been determined and so on,” said Dewi Sulastriningsih, Section Head of Management Planning of Natural Reserve and Hunting Park, Directorate of Conservation Areas in formulation of the results of this workshop.
According to Dewi, institutional strengthening is very important in implementing essential activities in management of conservation areas (KK). “For example, the ownership of planning documents, the mindset in tourism management, continuously assisting activities, presence of special officers in certain technical fields (ecosystem recovery), as well as sustainable financing,” he said.
Limited resources in managing conservation area also becoming main subject of discussion in this workshop. As a result, the workshop recommended that problems of limited resources could be solved by collaboration, community empowerment and building trust with other parties.
This is in line with direction from Director General of the KSDAE, Mr. Wiratno, who stated that public expectations and trust can be built by putting together a common agenda so that impossible things become possible. “We have collapsed because of public trust, for example wildlife conflict was not immediately responded. “Public trust has collapsed so there are crocodiles killed in Sorong,” he said.
According to Pak Wir, this should encourage further important activities, namely networking, collaboration, partnership, mutual cooperation and community service. “This is the social capital and trust. Finding ways to manage conservation areas, in our own version, may come out of this workshop,” said Pak Wir.
The topic above was the subject of second day workshop with the theme “The Role of Parties and Technical Policy in Improving Effectiveness of Conservation Area Management”. The results of this discussion are several recommendations that cover administrative aspects and supporting policies in improving effectiveness of conservation area management including aspects of landscape management and collaboration.
In administrative and supporting policy aspects, the second workshop concluded, among others: the objectives of area management must be clear, so that management is more directed; management plan document is a mandatory document and a single planning document that should becoming the parent of other plans; Short-term Management plan (Short RPJ) is a derivative of Long-Term RPJ that must be compiled and as an indicator of the previous year’s program achievements and planning for the following year.
In relation to research, conservation areas should direct research initiatives to meet management needs; employee training does not have to be done in the form of formal training, but it can be activities such as inhouse training, internships, bringing in experts; budget management that integrates echelon I activities to improve management effectiveness of conservation areas; and conservation areas are not PNBP producers, but rather aspects of managing regional values that can have an impact on improving economy of the community.
In the aspects of landscape management and collaboration in enhancing effectiveness of management of conservation areas, the workshop concluded the importance of discussing and identifying resources owned by stakeholders. Based on these indicators, it can be determined what contribution can be made to improve the effectiveness of management of conservation areas. While the UPT can identify gaps in their needs.
Dyah Murtiningrum, Head of Program and Evaluation Section of the KSDAE Secretariat General appreciated the results of this workshop. “I have seen an overview of the stages that must be done by the resource persons. Regarding the unit and volume will be our part. We will examine these stages including the standard of activities and costs (SKB) that we have compiled. This input is very valuable to us and very constructive in improving our SKB in the future, “she said.