MoEF and UNDP Indonesia Visit Berbak Sembilang NP

Ministry of Environment and Forestry and UNDP Indonesia, supported by Sumatran Tiger Project just completed field visits from 28-30 January 2019 to Berbak Sembilang National Park. In this activity, the parties checked various developments and achievements of Sumatran Tiger Project in Berbak Sembilang National Park.

Berbak Sembilang National Park Authority has developed “situational room” to collect SMART patrol data from the field and documented findings for use in decision-making in protection, preservation and utilization of national parks. Some endangered and protected species in this area are Sumatran tiger and tapir. Sembilang National Park is also a Ramsar site and is spot for migratory water birds.

Team from Ministry of Environment and Forestry and UNDP Indonesia also witnessed technical training in wetland ecosystem management implemented by Yapeka to improve management effectiveness in Sembilang Berbilang National Park which is a habitat for Sumatran tiger, Asian elephant, Asian tapir, siamang, gold cats, sambar deer, estuaries crocodiles, Sembilang fish, giant freshwater turtles, freshwater dolphins and various bird species.

On second day, the team also visited Simpang Bungur Post, Air Hitam Dalam using two speedboats to observe condition of wetland ecosystem. The team camped in this area to witness the challenges of managing Berbak Sembilang ecosystem and solutions at field.

MoEF and UNDP Indonesia team also visited Rantau Rasau Village, the oldest village in Tanjung Jabung Timur District to witness participatory GIS mapping and training by PILI Green Network. The team met Rantau Rasau Village Head and witnessed the training that was expected to be an innovative resolution of tenurial conflict around Sungai Rambut Resort, Berbak Sembilang National Park.

The team also observed human and tiger conflict mitigation solutions at Berbak Sembilang National Park in Telago Limo Village, where Sumatran Tiger Project with its partner, ZSL, created a mural at village hall to increase public’s awareness on the importance of Sumatran tiger and other wildlife and plants. The village hall that is used for meetings and community activities – including weddings – is the right location to increase community awareness.


TNKS Trains 19 Personnel to Monitor Tiger Population

Kerinci Seblat National Park (BBTNKS) in collaboration with Center for Education and Training, Ministry of Environment and Forestry conducted “Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Training”, to conservation area management personnel and partners. This activity – supported by Sumatran Tiger Project – was held on October 8-13, 2018, in Sungai Penuh City, Jambi Province.

The training was attended by 19 participants from Kerinci Seblat National Park, Gunung Leuser National Park, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, BKSDA North Sumatra, BKSDA Jambi, KSDA Bengkulu – Lampung, Lampung KPH Unit 1 Kerinci KPHP , PT. Supreme Energy Muara Labuh, Sumatra Dharmasraya Tiger Rehabilitation Center (PR-HSD), MIPA Faculty of Andalas University, Forestry Faculty of West Sumatra Muhammadiyah University, Faculty of Forestry Jambi University, and Conservation Society Institution – ICS.

The training used guidelines signed by Director General of Natural Resource and Ecosystem Conservation, in reference to KLHK PUSDIKLAT Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Training Curriculum that discusses KLHK Policy in Sumatran Tiger Conservation, Important Value of Sumatran Tiger Conservation, Sumatran Tiger Bio-ecology, Introduction to Sumatran Tiger Monitoring and Camera Traps, Survey Design, data base and data management, methods for monitoring populations (occupancy & population density), estimating and monitoring Sumatran tigers, and preparing action plans.

In his opening remarks, representing the Head of BBTNKS, Agusman, S.P, M.Sc., said that one of main performance indicators of Directorate General of KSDAE – KLHK is increasing population of 25 priority protected species, including Sumatran tiger species.

“At present, we do not have a uniform methodology to monitor the population of Sumatran tigers, either due to gaps in knowledge and understanding, limited human resources or other things. This training is very important, and we thank Sumatran Tiger Project for facilitating this training,”he said.

The teaching team in this training came from LHK HR PUSDIK and other relevant organizations. They trainers are Dr. Ir. Novianto Bambang W, M.Sc and Ir. Waldemar Hasiholan, M.Sc., Irene Margareth R. Pinondang – SINTAS Indonesia, Wido R. Albert – FFI IP and Tomi Ariyanto – ZSL IP.

At the end of the activity, Ir. Rusman, as Head of Conservation Technical Division of BBTNKS asked all participants – representatives of 14 institutions / institutions – to develop the knowledge that had been obtained. “Through Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Training activities, it is expected that participants can plan surveys and monitoring, analyze data and provide management recommendations related to Sumatran tiger conservation,” he said.


Increasing Law Enforcement Capacity, Urgent Duty

Conflict between humans and wildlife, illegal wildlife hunting activities and deforestation activities that lead to destruction of wildlife habitat, until now have not been handled properly and received maximum penalty by law enforcement stakeholders.

Illegal activities have also increased wildlife trading activities in black market network and demand for Sumatran tiger skin and body parts, elephant ivory, and other wildlife’s body parts.

Weak law enforcement capacity along with increasingly limited allocation of human resources and funding become the main barriers to tackle illegal wildlife hunting and trading.

Several other factors include the existence of laws which are no longer relevant to present conditions. These laws becoming barriers used by environmental and forestry actors to justify their illicit actions.

These weaknesses should be immediately revised to optimize law enforcement capacity in environment and forestry sectors to be able to play their roles accordingly and to receive support from other related institutions.

Sumatran Tiger Project supports pre-study of law enforcement capacity in forestry sector, as concrete form of efforts to strengthening law enforcement capacity within Ministry Environment and Forestry (KLHK) as imposed by regulations.

This activity was held for 2 days from 25-26 September 2018, at Antares Hotel Medan and fully organized by PIU Sumatran Tiger – Leuser with team of technical committees at Gunung Leuser National Park Office.

This activity was attended by law enforcement agencies, Provincial Forest Service, representatives of relevant UPT KLHK, representatives of academics and collaborative partners of UPT KSDAE-LHK in Leuser landscape. Darmawan Liswanto, is consultant who facilitated the pre-study of law enforcement capacity of forestry sector.


TNKS Promotes Biodiversity Protection to Police Cadets

Sumatran Tiger Project supported Kerinci Seblat National Park’s initiative to promote “Biodiversity Protection and Introduction to Kerinci Seblat National Park Area” to students of Bukit Kaba National Police School – Bengkulu Regional Police, in Curup, Rejang Lebong Regency, Bengkulu Province, on Friday, September 21.

Bukit Kaba National Police School (SPN) Principal, AKBP Abdul Muis, S.I.K appreciated the initiative mentioning that, “The Socialization of Biodiversity Protection and the Introduction of the Kerinci Seblat National Park Area to students will be very effective because these knowledge will be spread by students throughout the Bengkulu Province.

“Students who have received these information from very beginning, will be placed in different divisions, including Criminal Investigation. They have become familiar with issues of protecting biodiversity and Kerinci Seblat National Park Area,” he said.

As many as 45 SPN officers / personnel and 125 SPN students attended the socialization event. The Head of the National Police School warmly welcomed this socialization and hoped that it could be carried out annually at the SPN.

Head of TNKS, Tamen Sitorus, supported the initiative and TNKS will continue the socialization in the future. “We (TNKS and Police) both implementing the law, we need to work together in the future,” he said.

Socialization of biodiversity protection and the introduction of Kerinci Seblat National Park area were also held at PT. Supreme Energy Muara Laboh, South Solok Regency, West Sumatra Province attended by 40 participants and at PT. Brantas Abipraya – MHP Muaro Sako, Pesisir Selatan Regency, West Sumatra Province that was attended by 40 participants. These activities received a warm welcome from the Head of the SPN. The leaders of the companies also expressed their appreciation to Kerinci Seblat National Park Authority for initiating these socialization activities.


TNKS Patrol Team Does It Again

Patrol team of Kerinci Seblat National Park again showed its capability to capture illegal wildlife poacher. In collaboration with Mukomuko Resort Police, Bengkulu Province, the patrol team managed to arrest Sumatran tiger hunters and trader on Wednesday, 5 September 2018 at Bengkulu – Padang crossing, Bunga Tanjung Village, Teramang Jaya District, Mukomuko Regency.

Last month on August 14, the same team also managed to arrest 2 perpetrators at Jalan Bangko – Kerinci, Pulau Rengas Village, Merangin District, Jambi Province.

The suspect who was arrested this month was named Heri alias Ujang, a resident of Bunga Tanjung Village. Evidence found with perpetrator was one 135 cm long Sumatran tiger skin plus 4 kg of bones.

Sumatran tiger has important value in safeguarding forest ecosystems. As apex predators, Sumatran tigers balance populations of other animals. In other words, protecting tigers can protect forest and its biodiversity.

Head of Kerinci Seblat National Park, Drs. Tamen Sitorus, M.Sc., revealed that TNKS is one of tiger habitats and one of Sumatran tiger conservation areas.

“If tiger trade continues around TNKS area, this will be a loss for people around the TNKS area in particular, and people of Sumatra in general,” Tamen said. “Therefore, I request support from all communities and related parties to jointly conserve this endangered and protected by law species,” he added.


Journalists Visit Gunung Leuser National Park

Sumatran Tiger Project has just finished facilitating a journalist’s visit to Gunung Leuser National Park between 27-29 August 2018. The visit aims to get to know more about the area’s protection activities, especially SMART patrol activities at the Bukit Lawang Resort.

On first day of the visit, the team held discussion with Head of Technical Conservation Division at Gunung Leuser National Park Office, Mr. Adhi Nurul Hadi and his team continued by trip to Bukit Lawang Resort on the second day.

At Bukit Lawang, a team consisting of Journalists from the Kompas Daily, The Jakarta Post, Sumatran Tiger PMU Staff and PIU Staff and WCS Staff, met with the Independent Patrol Team led by Misno.

The independent patrol team received support from Sumatran Tiger Project both in funding and capacity building through partner’s assistance, WCS or Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia.

The journalist team interviewed all members of patrol team to learn from successful implementation of SMART patrol in Bukit Lawang Resort. In 2017, Misno and the team patrolled 10 times in 96 days with total km walked reaching 204.54 km, almost the same distance as Jakarta to Cirebon.

Findings by SMART patrol team at field became the basis of national park’s planning and decision making to protect Gunung Leuser National Park. The success became positive example in conducting more efficient and effective patrol system, especially when dealing with various kinds of threats in national park areas such as encroachment, hunting, etc.

The SMART patrol team also raised awareness in community on the importance of national park protection and monitored environmental resources and wildlifes to sustain national park area.


National Park Team Arrests 2 Suspects of Sumatran Tiger Traders

Bravo! Highest appreciation for team of officers from Kerinci Seblat National Park. BBTNKS team successfully arrested two suspected traffickers in Jalan Lintas Sumatra tiger Bangko – Kerinci, Rengas Island Village, District Merangin, Jambi province on Tuesday evening, on August 14, 2018.

Two suspects of Sumatran tiger trading bear initials of S (34 years), Beringin Tinggi village residents and B (30 years old), resident of the village of Rantau Suli, in East Jangkat, Merangin District, Jambi Province.

Together with the suspects, TNKS officers secured several evidences: one sheet of wet Sumatran tiger skin, one pack of tiger bones weighing 6.8 kg and equipments (a backpack and two vehicles) used by the suspect.

Success of this arrest was the result of an investigation by Kerinci Seblat National Park team conducted since 8 August. TNKS team then coordinated with the Merangin Police Resort. Perpetrators and evidence currently detained at Merangin District Police to follow further legal proceedings. Law enforcement is one of keys to protect endangered animals including Sumatran tigers.


Implementing SMART in Gunung Leuser National Park

Transforming Effectiveness of Biodiversity Project Conservation in Priority Sumatran Landscapes (Sumatran Tiger Project) conducted training on implementation of SMART-based Patrol Data Collection and Reporting System for Resort Team Scope of BPTN-I Tapaktuan – Gunung Leuser National Park Center.

This activity is part of efforts to build management of national park at site level in safeguarding and protecting area of ​​Gunung Leuser National Park BPTN-I Tapaktuan area. This activity was held for 2 days between 13-14 August 2018, which was held in Tapaktuan, South Aceh.

This activity aimed to improve skills and understanding of SMART Patrol team at site level in dealing with routine data collection, reporting system and SMART-based Patrol procedures in accordance with current requirements.

The event was attended by a total of 31 participants in scope of SPTN-I Blangpidie (Aceh Barat Daya) and SPTN-II Kluet (Aceh Selatan) within BPTN in Area I-Tapaktuan region.

This activity was organized by technical team from Gunung Leuser National Park Office, with support from facilitator team’s from WCS IP and funding from GEF-UNDP Sumatran Tiger Project.


Setting Up Priority in Conservation Area Management

Directorate of Conservation Areas supported by Sumatran Tiger Project organized Workshop on Improving the Effectiveness of Management of Conservation Areas at Ciputra Hotel, Jakarta between 16-18 July 2018. The workshop aimed to identify the budget, explained the result of assessment on management effectiveness in conservation areas in Indonesia, and setting up priorities to achieve management effectiveness in conservation areas. Output expected from this workshop is a description of essential activities in conservation area management and the costs needed.

Director General of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation, Wiratno, in his introduction, said that this workshop was very important even though the study was only in the Sumatra region. “I have seen SMART Patrol’s results are very good, but there is no meaning if they are not used in management to determine the priority scale,” he said.

According to Pak Wir, he was called, the determination of priority scale was related to how the budget could be distributed to appropriate activities. “I hope that this workshop will come out with something concrete. This is a workshop that I should attend, this is our core business, “he said.

In this two-days workshop, participants came from Directorate of Conservation Areas, Directorate of Biodiversity Conservation, Sumatran Tiger Project, four national parks in Sumatra, namely Gunung Leuser, Kerinci Seblat, Berbak Sembilang and Bukit Barisan Selatan, Natural Resources Conservation Agency and non-governmental organizations, divided into three groups to discuss six essential activities in conservation area management.

The six activities include: Planning for conservation area management; Management of ecotourism; Monitoring the importance of conservation areas; Protection of conservation areas; Ecosystem recovery and Community Empowerment.

The workshop concluded that essential / key activities in management of conservation areas could be identified with assumption that precondition activities had been carried out. “For example, the RPJP can be prepared with assumption that the results of the inventory and zoning can be the basis of the RPJP, the conflict has been resolved, the priority security and monitoring locations have been determined and so on,” said Dewi Sulastriningsih, Section Head of Management Planning of Natural Reserve and Hunting Park, Directorate of  Conservation Areas in formulation of the results of this workshop.

According to Dewi, institutional strengthening is very important in implementing essential activities in management of conservation areas (KK). “For example, the ownership of planning documents, the mindset in tourism management, continuously assisting activities, presence of special officers in certain technical fields (ecosystem recovery), as well as sustainable financing,” he said.

Limited resources in managing conservation area also becoming main subject of discussion in this workshop. As a result, the workshop recommended that problems of limited resources could be solved by collaboration, community empowerment and building trust with other parties.

This is in line with direction from Director General of the KSDAE, Mr. Wiratno, who stated that public expectations and trust can be built by putting together a common agenda so that impossible things become possible. “We have collapsed because of public trust, for example wildlife conflict was not immediately responded. “Public trust has collapsed so there are crocodiles killed in Sorong,” he said.

According to Pak Wir, this should encourage further important activities, namely networking, collaboration, partnership, mutual cooperation and community service. “This is the social capital and trust. Finding ways to manage conservation areas, in our own version, may come out of this workshop,” said Pak Wir.

The topic above was the subject of second day workshop with the theme “The Role of Parties and Technical Policy in Improving Effectiveness of Conservation Area Management”. The results of this discussion are several recommendations that cover administrative aspects and supporting policies in improving effectiveness of conservation area management including aspects of landscape management and collaboration.

In administrative and supporting policy aspects, the second workshop concluded, among others: the objectives of area management must be clear, so that management is more directed; management plan document is a mandatory document and a single planning document that should becoming the parent of other plans; Short-term Management plan (Short RPJ) is a derivative of Long-Term RPJ that must be compiled and as an indicator of the previous year’s program achievements and planning for the following year.

In relation to research, conservation areas should direct research initiatives to meet management needs; employee training does not have to be done in the form of formal training, but it can be activities such as inhouse training, internships, bringing in experts; budget management that integrates echelon I activities to improve management effectiveness of conservation areas; and conservation areas are not PNBP producers, but rather aspects of managing regional values ​​that can have an impact on improving economy of the community.

In the aspects of landscape management and collaboration in enhancing effectiveness of management of conservation areas, the workshop concluded the importance of discussing and identifying resources owned by stakeholders. Based on these indicators, it can be determined what contribution can be made to improve the effectiveness of management of conservation areas. While the UPT can identify gaps in their needs.

Dyah Murtiningrum, Head of Program and Evaluation Section of the KSDAE Secretariat General appreciated the results of this workshop. “I have seen an overview of the stages that must be done by the resource persons. Regarding the unit and volume will be our part. We will examine these stages including the standard of activities and costs (SKB) that we have compiled. This input is very valuable to us and very constructive in improving our SKB in the future, “she said.


FFI-IP Organizes SMART Coordination Meeting

Fauna & Flora International – Indonesia Programme (FFI-IP), partner of Kerinci Seblat National Park Center (BBTNKS), has organized coordination meeting on operationalization of Spatial Monitoring And Reporting Tool (SMART) in BBTNKS area. The meeting – supported by Sumatran Tiger Project – is part of an effort to increase capacity of SMART administrator in managing SMART data base in BBTNKS.

The coordination meeting is the second meeting in 2018. This event took place on 28 – 29 May 2018 at Arafah Hotel, Sungai Penuh, Jambi Province.

There are 22 participants in this coordination meeting. They are SMART data administrator at BBTNKS Office and its management area at field and resort level. The training was also attended by SMART PHS-KS data administrators, SMART MHS-KS data administrators, and SMART Lingkar Institute data admins.

Acting Head of BBTNKS Mr. Agusman, S.P., M.Sc. opened the event and provided some directions. Agusman mentioned, result of this evaluation would be followed up by structural coordination meeting on 30 May 2018 at BBTNKS office to support implementation of SMART system in BBTNKS. Furthermore, the SMART System will support Directorate General of KSDAE’s situation room or sit room by providing integrated and field-based.

Mr. Andrinaldi Adnan, S.Hut, M.Sc., Commitment Maker Official for Sumatran Tiger GEF – UNDP Project at BBTNKS also took part in this activity. He mentioned SMART system should have positive impacts that will certainly improve management effectiveness at BBTNKS through several training and coordination meetings.

Mr Donny Gunaryadi as Head of Biodiversity FFI – IP became the resource person and facilitator in this meeting. The first day meeting discussed: (1) Overview of SMART result / achievement between January-April 2018 in BBTNKS area; and (2) Delivery of progress of the National SMART POKJA, followed by (1) Discussion of SMART operationalization in BBTNKS area, SOP, constraints and solutions; (2) Finalization of SMART field data in BBTNKS area; and (3) Introduction of SMART version 5.0.3 (latest) to BBTNKS administrators and partners.

After getting additional information and knowledge on SMART, all attendees also discussed SMART operationalization, and agreed upon several issues. One of them is schedule for the next meeting which is in September 2018.