Deforestation Found in ​​Core Area of Sumatran Tiger Project

Deforestation takes place in the core area of ​​the Sumatran Tiger Project in Berbak Sembilang National Park which is an important habitat for Sumatran tiger populations. This area also has a high conservation value wetland forest.

This is revealed from the study of GIS Analyst from State University of Padang, Dedy Fitriawan for ZSL presented at Berbak Sembilang National Park Hall, Wednesday, December 20, 2017.

This study uses data from 2015 and 2016 with the exception of the land and forest fire periods that occurred in July 2015. The 2015 dataset uses data in the period before July 2015 (beginning of fire), while the 2016 dataset uses data after December 2015 (entering 2016 ).

In the eco-region, there are peat swamp forests and mangrove forests in the core areas of the Tiger Sumatran Project in Berbak Sembilang National Park. The result of the analysis revealed that in Berbak area, there were 3,947,85 Ha (4,08%) deforestation in Primary Rawa Forest, and 5,142,60 Ha (65,98%) in Secondary Swamp Forest.

More specifically in the core areas of the Tiger Sumatran Project in Berbak, there has been a deforestation of 2,182.14 Ha (5.16%) in the Primary Rawa Forest, and 1,408.68 Ha (46.31%) in the Secondary Swamp Forest.

In Sembilang area, deforestation occurred 2,561,40 Ha (10,79%) in Primary Rawa Forest; 1,463.49 Ha (69.05%) in Secondary Swamp Forest; 40.05 Ha (0.06%) in Primary Mangrove Forest; and 80.10 Ha (0.50%) in Secondary Mangrove Forest.

In the core area of ​​the Tiger Sumatran project in Sembilang, 2,513.88 ha of deforestation (16.81%) occurs in the Primary Swamp Forest; 1,384.02 Ha (81.60%) in Secondary Swamp Forest; 39.96 Ha (0.23%) in Primary Mangrove Forest; and 65.79 Ha (4.34%) in Secondary Mangrove Forest. “The pressure of development (plantations, mining) and the risk of land fires that lead to deforestation,” said Dedy.

According to Rudijanta Tjahja Nugraha, National Project Manager of the Sumatran Tiger Project, deforestation in the core region of Sumatran tigers should be reduced as the core area plays an important role in supporting the Sumatran tiger population.

Efforts to reduce deforestation in the core areas can be done through routine patrolling and forest fire prevention, since deforestation is partly due to the natural factor of prolonged dry season.

The Sumatran Tiger project continues to collaborate with various stakeholders monitoring the Sumatran tiger population and its ecosystem and patrolling through partners to safeguard the important areas of Sumatran tiger in four national parks in Sumatra. The four national parks are National Park (TN) Berbak Sembilang, Kerinci Seblat, Bukit Barisan Selatan and Gunung Leuser National Park.

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RBM National Workshop: State Must be Presented at Field

In order to increase conservation efforts of biodiversity and ecosystems in conservation areas, it is very important for the state to be presented at field because the answers to various problems are found on the ground. The resort-based management in national parks can be a cornerstone of theory and practice in the creation of forest management. “Our own creations, not creations of others,” said Director General of Conservation and Natural Resources and Ecosystems (KSDAE) Ir. Wiratno, M.Sc in National Workshop on Strengthening Implementation of Resort Based Management in Indonesian Conservation Areas, held on 13-14 December 2017 at Royal Safari Garden, Cisarua, Bogor.

According to Ir. Waldemar Hasiholan, M.Si, from Center for Education and Training of Human Resources for Environment and Forestry, the resort is a management unit not working unit. The resort should have authority and working with standard operating procedures (SOPs). For example, resorts are tasked with performing functional patrols and community surveys, sections supervise and national park offices conduct ecosystem and landscape surveys. “So the work of resorts, sections and national park offices are never overlapping,” he said.

Waldemar said there are eight principles of forest management that must be implemented. The performance of resorts, sections and offices should support these eight principles.

Waldemar’s first principle, forest must be landscape-based, so there is interaction between the park with the surrounding areas or villages. The second principle of forest management is multi functional. The third principle, forest management has multiple products.

The fourth principle, forest management should be based on research, science and technology. The fifth principle, forest management should be community-based or multi stakeholder. The sixth principles, forest management shall be resort-based. The seventh principle, forest management must be accompanied by law enforcement efforts and the last principle, forest protection inherent in management.

Ir. Mangaraja Gunung Nababan, ex Head of Natural Resources Conservation Center of Papua stated that managing the resort-based conservation area corresponds to the people’s need and answer their unbelief. “People want the state to be presented in the field and the community wants to ensure there is no violation in the management of conservation areas,” said Gunung Nababan.

According to Gunung Nababan, in the principle of conservation area management, the absence of state in the field according to him is like a house without a resident or owner. “If there is no house owner, thieves will enter,” he said. By being present in the field then transparency will be realized. “Finding obstacles in the field and how to overcome them,” said Mount Nababan.

Welcoming statement from Director General of KSDAE, Waldemar stated, every national park office has the freedom to develop their area according to its own typology. “The issue in most conservation areas is social issues, so there must be a social approach and an ecological approach,” he said.

The above social approach addressing other issues faced by the conservation area: the lack of human resources. According to Gunung Nababan, human resources (HR) becoming major problem in management of conservation areas. “Why don’t we work with the community?” he said. Using social and cultural approaches, conservation area managers can be creative in forming groups such as community partnerships and forest police, “Most people, they have not been facilitated and empowered,” he added.

Sumatran Tiger project in the first year has reviewed the status of RBM implementation, current patrol system and law enforcement capacity in the national park before proposing management recommendations. The RBM-SMART forest patrol is conducted routinely, data analysis and strategic planning are also underway, protected area plans are developed and proposed.

In the second year, the project conducted a thematic RBM-SMART workshop for target national parks to start RBM-SMART system and evaluate RBM-SMART. The annual evaluation of RBM-SMART is carried out in the area concerned, in national parks and at national level; along with the feasibility study and verification of tiger protected areas.

The National Workshop on Strengthening the Implementation of Resort Based Management fulfills the first component of Sumatran Tiger Project which is to increase the effectiveness of key protected area management institutions. This thematic national workshop event – in addition to discussing the institutional issues – also discusses the needs of planning and budgeting as well as management of data and information in the implementation of Resort-Based Management of Conservation Area (Resort Based Management).

One testimony of the success of resort-based management is delivered by Firdaus Rahman, Landscape Program Manager of Bukit Barisan Selatan, WCS Indonesia Program. According to Firdaus, tiger population increase in Bukit Barisan Selatan is the result of resort-based management implementation in the field. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is one of Sumatran Tiger Project locations.

Sumatran Tiger Project and WCS conduct a SMART-based patrol activity in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TNBBS), particularly in Intensive Protection Zone covering 7 resorts of 17 resorts within the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. This is in line with efforts to improve effectiveness of priority conservation areas management in Sumatra, which is one of the main components of the project.

Intensive Protection Zone Area, decided by Decree of Director General of PHKA No SK.152 / IV-Set / 2015 Year 2015 on Intensive Protection Zone Development Policy as an effort to increase Sumatran Rhino population.
In its development, IPZ determination is not only beneficial for rhinoceros species but also for other key species such as tigers and Sumatran elephants.

The results of camera trap survey conducted by WCS team, the tiger population density increased from 1.6 tigers / 100 km2 in 2002 to 2.8 tigers / 100 km2 by 2015. The proportion of male and female tigers is 1: 3.

WCS and TN BBS from May 21 to November 20, 2015 have completed surveys of tiger populations and prey using surveillance cameras. Two facing camera traps had been successfully installed in 65 grids. Data from two grids could not be taken data because the camera is lost.

The results of this 2015 survey form the basis for a 2018 survey to assess whether tiger populations have improved in line with the increasing effectiveness of safeguards in conservation areas.

According to Rudijanta Tjahja Nugraha, National Project Manager, Sumatran Tiger Project, the workshop will not end here. “There are many advanced scenarios, one of them is giving input to the director general regulation,” he said. The Forum will also develop the RBM guidelines by providing the RBM indicator points and best practices that existed so far. “So it gives flexibility for colleagues to apply it,” he said.

According to Rudi, resort-based management (RBM) of conservation area can not be uniformed and has its own character. “That’s why the national park offices are freed to innovate. There should be consensus on the data so the data can support decisions taken at central level, “he added.

According to Director General of KSDAE, Wiratno, the technical implementation unit (UPT) should be responsible for potential development, KSDAE strength is evidence when the UPT is strong. “UPT is strong if they are given the discretion to use his brain and his heart. Strengthening UPT is my target. Change should be felt by people around the conservation area, “he said. Therefore, the Director General re-emphasized how important for national park officers to go to the field where they can find solutions to various problems. “Flying teams fly to help these UPT (to implement resort based management), please do support them,” he concluded.

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Human-Tiger Conflict Mitigation Campaign in Jambi

Balai TN Sembilang and BKSDA Jambi organized Human-Tiger Conflict Mitigation Campaign in Desa Simpang Datuk, Nipah Panjang District, Jambi.

Conflicts between humans and wildlife occur as a result of negative or direct interactions between humans and wildlife. Under certain circumstances the conflict may harm all parties involved in the conflict.

Conflicts are likely trigger negative attitudes towards wildlife, reducing human appreciation of wildlife and causing detrimental effects on conservation efforts.

The common disadvantages of conflict include, among others, the destruction of agricultural crops and or plantations and livestock breeding by wildlife, or even causing human casualties. On the other hand, it is not uncommon for conflicting wildlife to die after conflict resolution or actions.

In Jambi, especially in the area of ​​Berbak and Sembilang National Parks (TNBS) c onflicts between humans and wildlife that often occur are conflicts with Tiger and Crocodile.

In order to reduce the incidence of conflict especially with tiger, Office of TNBS along with KSDA Jambi and Zoological Society of London (ZSL) supported by GEF-UNDP project Sumatran Tiger organized preventive awareness efforts to Simpang Village residents and surrounding areas on December 15, 2017.

The event was held at Simpang Datuk Village, attended by Head of Simpang Datuk Village, Bhabinkamtibmas Simpang Datuk, members of communities from Simpang Datuk, Sungai Jeruk, Sungai Palas , Rantau Rasau Village and PT. Metro Yakin Jaya (MYJ).

In his opening remarks, Head of Simpang Datuk Village (Ambok Gauk bin Daeng P.) expressed his support for this campaign activity considering that in recent months tiger was seen entering PT. MYJ and people fell victim of a crocodile attack.

Village Head also hopes that such activities can be carried out continuously to raise public awareness not to disturb tiger and reduce incidence of crocodile attacks.

At the campaign event, KSDA Jambi Team provided technical solutions to prevent conflicts with tigers, procedures could be taken in case of wildlife conflicts, and the importance of Sumatran tiger conservation.

Bhabinkamtibmas Simpang Datuk also asked residents who posses firearm to report and hand over it to the Police because it violates emergency law no. 12 of 1951. Wildlife hunting of protected animals including tiger using firearm and snares are activities that violate criminal law.

Bhabinkamtibmas appealed to public who accidentally caught tiger using snares set up for boars at their own farm, to immediately report to authorities and not to injure or kill the tiger. If this is done then citizens will not be charged with lawsuits.

At the end of the event, calendars and billboards with information on how to avoid conflicts with wildlife and contact numbers of KSDA and TNBS in case of conflict were distributed to all attendees.

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Sumatran Tiger Project Supports Increasing Tiger Population

Sumatran Tiger Project, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park(TNBBS) and WCS-IP (Indonesia Program) implement SMART patrols and install camera traps to secure intensive protection zones that play an important role in supporting population growth of Sumatran tiger in Bukit Barisan Selatan.

Patrolling is the key approach to ensuring protection of biodiversity within conservation areas.

A system is needed to ensure effectiveness of patrol activities, that can not only be used to handle illegal activities, but also can store patrol activities information systematically to be used for identifying areas vulnerable to illegal activities.

Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) is the system designed to facilitate the transformation of patrol data into spatial forms that can provide useful information for conservation area managers in planning of security and law enforcement activities.

Sumatran Tiger project supports WCS in conducting SMART-based patrol activities in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TNBBS), particularly in Intensive Protection Zones covering 7 resorts of 17 resorts within Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. This is in line with efforts to improve the effectiveness of the management of priority conservation areas in Sumatra, which is one of the main components of the project.

Intensive Prodution Zones, decided by Decree of Director General PHKA No SK.152 / IV-Set / 2015 Year 2015 on Intensive Protection Zone Development Policy as an effort to increase Sumatran rhino population.

In its development, IPZ is not only beneficial for rhino population but also for other key species such as Sumatran tigers and Sumatran elephants.

The result of camera trap surveys conducted by the WCS team, the tiger population density increased from 1.6 tigers / 100 km2 in 2002 to 2.8 tigers / 100 km2 by 2015. The proportion of male and female tigers is 1: 3.

WCS and TN BBS within the period May 21 to November 20, 2015 have completed surveys of tiger populations and prey animals using surveillance cameras. As many as 65 grid successfully installed by camera traps, with two cameras facing to each other in each grid. Data from two cameras could not be analyzed because the camera is lost.

Result from this 2015 surveys becoming the basis for another survey to be conducted in 2018 to assess whether tiger populations have improved in line with increasing effectiveness of protections in conservation areas.

Sumatran Tiger Project supported 43 patrolling trips by TNBBS and WCS-IP patrol teams covering a distance of 1,472, 33 km and 229 patrol days in the period from May to September 2017.

The patrol team found 25 perpetrators of illegal activity in the region with 17 perpetrators found in the IPZ area and 8 perpetrators found in non-IPZ areas. The team also found 70 cases of illegal forest use in BBS National Park where as many as 25 cases were in IPZ area and 45 cases were in Non-IPZ area.

Illegal logging cases were found in 2 cases (both in non-IPZ areas). The patrol team found 15 hunting activities (6 in IPZ and 9 in non-IPS), 4 HHBK collection activities (1 in IPZ and 3 in non-IPZ), 19 access roads (4 in IPZ and 15 in Non-IPZ) and 46 tools & transportation (27 in IPZ and 19 in Non-IPZ).

The patrol team has implemented relevant measures for these illegal activities including documenting and destroying tiger and wildlife traps to prevent new illegal wildlife cases.

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Berbak Sembilang NP Holds Wetland Ecosystem Workshop

Jambi, 22 November 2017 – Berbak and Sembilang National Park facilitated by Sumatran Tiger – GEF – UNDP Project held Wetland Berbak Ecosystem and Key Species Workshop on November 21-22, 2017 at Hotel Odua Weston Jambi as part of the framework to prepare 2018-2027 Berbak National Park Long Term Management Plan.

The workshop explored data and information related to Berbak area to reformulate important values ​​of Berbak National Park in Berbak National Park’s RPJP 2018-2027, especially the important values related to wetland conservation and key species ​​that become the underlying reasons for Berbak was mandated to becoming a National Park.

This activity was attended by relevant stakeholders in Berbak National Park management area (Provincial Bappeda, Provincial Forestry Office, BKSDA Jambi, BTNBS, UPT Tahura Rangkayo Hitam, Bappeda Muara Jambi, Bappeda Tanjung Jabung Timur, ZSL, Gita Buana, Wetland International Pinang Sebatang) involving competent resource persons in the field of wetland conservation and flora-fauna species, especially Berbak areas, namely: Directorate of KK Directorate General KSDAE, Directorate of BPEE Directorate General of KSDAE, Directorate of KKH Directorate General of KSDAE, Bro. Yus Rusila Noor-Wetland International, Dr. Cherita Yunnia – Expert of Kemenko Maritim, Nursanti-Universitas Jambi, Dr. Dolly Priyatna- member of Tapir Specialist Group-IUCN SSC, Yoan Dinata-ZSL, Iding Ahmad Haidir-Student Work (S3) KemenLHK, Dr. Irawati-Researcher LIPI, Dr. Asmadi Saad-Expert BRG, Nursanti, S.Hut, M.Si.-Faculty of Forestry, University of Jambi and Madari – Historian from Bunaken National Park. The workshop discussion process was guided by Kristiani Fajar Wianti-lecturer of Faculty of Forestry UGM.

The workshop which was held for two days was officially opened by the Head of TN Berbak and Sembilang Ir. Pratono Puroso, M.Sc. The workshop is expected to provide recommendations for wetland ecosystem management and important species in TN Berbak before the formation of a Long Term Management Plan Document (RPJP) as a guideline in managing Berbak NP Area.

The Long Term Management Plan (RPJP) is management plan prepared based on the results of potential inventory of the region and the arrangement of zones within zones / blocks by taking into account the functions of the region, aspirations of parties and regional development plan. The management plan will assist the manager to fulfill the specific management mandate set for a conservation area. This mandate is the primary reason for area protection (UNESCO’s Outstanding Universal Value or IUCN key features ) and a key indicator of successful management.

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Loss of Wildlife Habitat, Main Driver of Zoonosis

Degradation and loss of wildlife habitat are the main drivers of zoonosis or infection that is transmitted among animals (especially vertebrates) to humans or vice versa. This was conveyed by Ibu Lulu ‘Agustina, Head of Biosafety, Focal Point One Health, Directorate of Biodiversity Conservation, Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

“The zoonotic threat level from degradation and habitat loss reached 44.8%,” he said during “Sumatran Strategic Disease Monitoring” Workshop held today, Wednesday, November 22 at Sahira Hotel, in Bogor. According to Forum Harimau Kita data, several wildlife species in Indonesia today have small populations and are located in some fragmented forest blocks. One of the species experiencing habitat fragmentation is Sumatran tiger, currently recorded totaling about 600 in nature in 23 landscapes throughout Sumatra.

With the isolation of population groups by human presence and land use changes for settlements, the edge effects faced by this tiger population are higher. The communities have livestocks and pets, are still actively hunting in the area by bringing hunting dogs.

Types of diseases that commonly infect animals have ability to adapt to environmental conditions and the presence of genetic mutations.

drh. Munawar Kholis, Chairman of Forum Harimau Kita, said, one of the diseases that can brings death to individual tigers is Canine Distemper caused by type of RNA viruses from the family of Paramyxoviridae. The disease initially detected in Russia, has possibility to spread in remaining tiger populations. The most potentially affected tigers are individual tigers residing in small population and close to human settlements where felids or canids are found. In addition to this disease, there are several other types of diseases that also need to be monitored by wildlife conservation practitioners and management authorities.

According to drh. Kholis, there are still many cases of conflict and death of wild tigers that are not sufficiently handled, so it is very necessary that the process of collecting, managing and inspecting the sample is coordinated by the competent authority (Directorate of KKH) to ensure cases which indicate dangerous disease can be handled appropriately.

Certain types of wildlife are not always easily sampled for health screening. Tiger is one example, to be able to do intentional sampling on tiger, we need to capture the tiger using a cage trap that is of course at risk. On the other hand there are frequent conflicts that result in tiger being captured, but the samples are not properly taken.

Field conditions also often encounter situations that are not ideal in terms of management and storage of samples. It is therefore necessary to have a team with the expertise given the mandate to coordinate and manage the sample to work with a laboratory that is trusted to continuously and systematically detect the types of dangerous diseases for wildlife and diseases that have the potential to spread between wildlife and livestock which can cause ecological losses.

Forum Harimau Kita is an association that has the vision and mission of preserving Sumatran Tiger and cooperating with various non-governmental organizations and government. Discussions with ecologists, wildlife health and conservation actors at field illustrate the need for a formal mechanism for managing information and samples from various sources to be best utilized in studying and collecting types of wildlife diseases.

One of Forum Harimau Kita strategies in supporting Sumatran tiger conservation is by facilitating initiatives at the national level with strategic value to synergize with the existing programs related to monitoring of dangerous diseases in Indonesia. Forum Harimau Kita is also a partner of Sumatran Tiger Project.

The government has developed One-Health concept to monitor diseases from domestic animals and wildlife. According to Mrs. Lulu ‘One Health is the concept of handling zoonotic disease and infectious diseases of emerging infections (PIE) implemented through integrated communication mechanisms, coordination and collaboration between 3 ministries, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

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BBTNKS Invites Stakeholders, Synchronizes 2018 Work Plan

Sungai Penuh, November 9, 2017 – Office of Kerinci Seblat National Park seated together with stakeholders to discuss synchronization of work plans for 2018.  Stakeholders in this regard are: local government attended by BPDAS HL Agam Kuantan; companies, namely PT. Tidar Kerinci Agung (TKA) in Bungo, PT. Supreme Energy Muara Labuh, PT. Tirta Sakti (PDAM) in Kerinci and PT. Pertamina Geothermal Energy in Lempur; academics / experts from Andalas University; and conservation projects in the TNKS area, namely Sumatran Tiger and FP II (KfW); FFI NGO; ICS NGO in South Solok; and Lingkar Institute in Bengkulu.

The two days meeting (8-9 November 2017I was held in Sungai Penuh. All invited participants exposed their work plans on the first day, followed by synchronization of work plans on second day. Transforming Effectiveness of Biodiversity Conservation in Sumatra Priority Landscapes Project (Sumatran Tiger Project) provided funding for these meetings.

Synchronization of 2018 work plan between BBTNKS and its stakeholders is beneficial for TNKS managers to avoid overlapping that can lead to ineffectiveness of TNKS programs. The work plans by BBTNKS stakeholders are expected to strengthen management of national park area. Results from 2018 work plans synchronization will be used to prepare BBTNKS 2018 Work Plan Document.

National park managers and stakeholders who benefitted from environmental services have common responsibility to protect conservation area. The meeting provided insights into conservation efforts that can be developed in and around TNKS area.

TNKS manager hopes in the future, more partners will support and implement conservation programs especially around TNKS area to protect Kerinci Seblat National Park and its biodiversity.

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Way Canguk, We Will Return

The UNDP Regional Office in Bangkok represented by Tashi Dorji, UNDP Regional Technical Advisor (RTA) along with teams from Sumatran Tiger Project, GEF, Bureau of Overseas Cooperation, Directorate of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation, KLHK and UNDP Indonesia recently completed a visit to the landscape Bukit Barisan Selatan, which became one of the Sumatran Tiger Project sites.

The field trip was held for four days from 20-23 October 2017. On the first day, Friday, October 20, 2017, the team departed from Jakarta to Lampung followed by a road trip to Kota Agung, Tanggamus District, where the office of Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TN BBS) is located.

Agus Wahyudiono, Head of Central BBS and Ismanto, Head of Conservation Technique of BBS National Park together with NGO staff and partners warmly welcomed the team and discussed the conservation efforts in BBS National Park.

In the discussion, Agus said, cooperation with national park partners is very important because not all activities in National Park can be financed by State Budget (APBN). “Good cooperation with national park partners is needed to improve performance indicators for three key species; Sumatran tigers, elephants and rhinoceros,” he said.

In addition to partnering with Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (BB TN BBS), Sumatran Tiger Project also engaged with Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in this landscape. Tashi Dorji and the team had the opportunity to visit the WCS office after discussing with BBS Central Park.

WCS has a Wildlife Response Unit (WRU) tasked with reducing human-tiger conflicts that occur in villages around the park. WCS also has a SMART patrol team that works with other stakeholders to monitor the BBS area. Sumatran Tiger project supports these initiatives.

The two discussions with partners became our opening events in Bukit Barisan Selatan landscape. Saturday morning, October 21, 2017, the next day, we had the opportunity to visit Way Canguk Research Station which is managed by WCS. The research station is located in the southern part of Bukit Barisan National Park.

In the journey to Way Canguk, we had to cross the big river and several small rivers, through the wilderness to reach this research center.

The trip to Way Canguk runs smoothly. On that day, we still can cross River Pemerihan on foot. WCS team, forest police, South Bukit Barisan National Park Center accompanied us along the way. It takes about two hours for all team members to reach Way Canguk Research Center.

The Way Canguk research center has four main buildings that serve as a place to stay, library, research location, as well as an office. One more building is used for “dining room” and kitchen. We arrived at the location in the pouring rain at around 12.00 at noon.

After the break and lunch, in the afternoon around 15:00, Tashi Dorji and team members walked back into the forest to observe plants and wildlife monitoring locations accompanied by WCS team, forest police and TN BBS team.

Along the way, Tashi and team members observed giant trees and traces of wildlife such as wild pigs, deer, met with owa and gibbons and saw the location of a hornbill nest which is increasingly threatened by poaching.

Tashi also had a taste of fresh water from the red roots that are often consumed by the forest patrol team as an alternative to clean fresh water source.

The WCS team at the Way Canguk Research Center has identified 348 tree species, 56 species of mammals (8 species of primates), 47 species of frogs, 7 species of reptiles and 207 species of birds that are part of the region’s biodiversity.

After visiting the WCS field observation center, we then returned to Way Canguk Research Station for discussion, rest and overnight. Heavy rain poured on Way Canguk earth Saturday night. The rain continued to flush until Sunday morning.

Worry about the condition of the Pemerihan River had becoming evident as the water of the Pemerihan River – that we could previously passed on foot – was flooding due to cats and dogs rain that flushed Way Canguk the night before.

However, WCS and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park team had prepared for this emergency situation. They were using inflated inner tube of tractor assisted by safety ropes to help all team members crossing the river. Crossing the river in the middle of a torrent stream became an unforgettable experience for all team members.

We recorded the scenes when team members were crossing the river. The video will be published in Sumatran Tiger communications network.

After successfully crossing the Sungai Pemerihan safely, we again walked to our first meeting point in the Village of Pemerihan to clean ourselves. Our clothes, pants and boots are all wet and dirty with mud. We also had to check the presence of leeches (Indonesian is pacet), blood-sucking animals, which stuck to our bodies. Thanks God, leeches were no longer be found as many as when we firstly arrived at Way Canguk Research Station the day before.

After cleaning up, Tashi and the rest of the team visited the Rhino Camp run by the Indonesian Badak Foundation and Pekon Margo Mulyo. In Pekon or Desa Margo Mulyo, WCS is working with the Sumatran Tiger Project to develop tiger-proof enclosures (TPE) to prevent tiger and wildlife conflicts. Livestock is one of important economic assets owned by the communities.

According to Firdaus Rahman, Landscape Program Manager of Bukit Barisan Selatan, WCS Indonesia Program, from the beginning of 2016 to October 2017, there had been 46 cases of human and tiger conflicts (HTC) in the villages around Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.

Pak Sairin, villager who joined WCS TPE pilot program mentioned, wildlife conflicts did not only involving tigers, but also other wildlife species, like bears. “Bears often attack our cattle, sucking their blood to death,” he said. So the existence of TPE is very useful to reduce wildlife conflict.

Another benefit was expressed by Mrs. Sugiati, Pak Sairin’s wife. When wildlife failed to attack livestock in enclosed TPE cages, wildlife is less likely to return and look for other targets in other cages that have not yet implemented the TPE system. In effect, she and her children feel safer. “We are now no longer afraid to go out in the morning and evening for gardening, studying and other activities,” she said.

The Sumatran Tiger project until the end of the project period in 2020 will continue to work with stakeholders to increase conservation efforts in Bukit Barisan Selatan.

Synergy with WCS, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park Office, central government, local governments and communities are needed to create sustainable conservation solutions. We found these synergy evidences in our visit this time. A very memorable visit, indeed. To Way Canguk, we will return.

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Tiger Can Not Extinct in Sumatera

The Sumatran Tiger Project conducted an evaluation of the implementation of project activities in the first quarter and second quarter as well as the discussion on the planned activities of 2018.

Director of Biodiversity Conservation, Mr. Bambang Dahono Adji who is also the National Project Director of Sumatran Tiger Project opened this event. “Tigers should not be extinct in Sumatra Synergy with project partners and non-governmental organizations helps us achieve biodiversity conservation targets,” Bambang said.

Representatives from GEF, UNDP, WCS, ZSL, FFI, PIU staff and PMU Sumatran Tiger also attended the 2-day event from 10-11 October 2017 in Medan, North Sumatra.

Mr. Rudijanta Tjahja Nugraha, National Project Manager of Sumatran Tiger, explained the achievements of the project, followed by the exposure of PIU (Project Implementation Unit) and partners of national parks and NGOs, in all landscapes of Gunung Leuser, Bukit Barisan Selatan, Berbak-Sembilang and Kerinci Seblat .

“Gunung Leuser National Park has a lot of potential, germplasm potential, micro hydro, geothermal energy and ecotourism, but encroachment, hunting and illegal logging continues to be a threat,” said Misran, Head of Gunung Leuser National Park Office. BB TN Gunung Leuser in collaboration with the Sumatran Tiger Project and partners synergize patrols to suppress threats in the park.

In this event all stakeholders committed to implement synchronization and synergy in supporting the action of conservation of biodiversity including Sumatran tiger conservation action.

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