MoEF and UNDP Indonesia Visit Berbak Sembilang NP

Ministry of Environment and Forestry and UNDP Indonesia, supported by Sumatran Tiger Project just completed field visits from 28-30 January 2019 to Berbak Sembilang National Park. In this activity, the parties checked various developments and achievements of Sumatran Tiger Project in Berbak Sembilang National Park.

Berbak Sembilang National Park Authority has developed “situational room” to collect SMART patrol data from the field and documented findings for use in decision-making in protection, preservation and utilization of national parks. Some endangered and protected species in this area are Sumatran tiger and tapir. Sembilang National Park is also a Ramsar site and is spot for migratory water birds.

Team from Ministry of Environment and Forestry and UNDP Indonesia also witnessed technical training in wetland ecosystem management implemented by Yapeka to improve management effectiveness in Sembilang Berbilang National Park which is a habitat for Sumatran tiger, Asian elephant, Asian tapir, siamang, gold cats, sambar deer, estuaries crocodiles, Sembilang fish, giant freshwater turtles, freshwater dolphins and various bird species.

On second day, the team also visited Simpang Bungur Post, Air Hitam Dalam using two speedboats to observe condition of wetland ecosystem. The team camped in this area to witness the challenges of managing Berbak Sembilang ecosystem and solutions at field.

MoEF and UNDP Indonesia team also visited Rantau Rasau Village, the oldest village in Tanjung Jabung Timur District to witness participatory GIS mapping and training by PILI Green Network. The team met Rantau Rasau Village Head and witnessed the training that was expected to be an innovative resolution of tenurial conflict around Sungai Rambut Resort, Berbak Sembilang National Park.

The team also observed human and tiger conflict mitigation solutions at Berbak Sembilang National Park in Telago Limo Village, where Sumatran Tiger Project with its partner, ZSL, created a mural at village hall to increase public’s awareness on the importance of Sumatran tiger and other wildlife and plants. The village hall that is used for meetings and community activities – including weddings – is the right location to increase community awareness.

@SumatranTigerID

Hidup Berdampingan, Pelestarian Harimau Sumatra Menjadi Tugas Bersama

Sorry, this entry is only available in Indonesian. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Tim Pelestarian Harimau Sumatra Kerinci Seblat (PHSKS) mendaki lereng terjal melalui sungai kecil. Hampir tak ada medan datar di sebentang bukit di lanskap harimau Kerinci itu. “Kami biasanya melalui pematang bukit karena medan cukup datar,” jelas koordinator tim Jayendri.

Lalu, mereka mendirikan tenda. Api unggun enggan menyala. “Kayunya basah,” kata Jayendri. Api unggun itu penyokong hidup di tengah hutan: memasak, menyeduh kopi, dan menghalau satwa liar. “Pernah suatu waktu, kemah kami didatangi harimau. Kami tahu saat bangun pagi. Jejak-jejaknya di sekeliling tenda,” katanya. Untungnya aman-aman saja. “Kita sudah bersahabat harimau,” kelakarnya.

Tim yang terdiri atas polisi hutan dan masyarakat itu rutin berpatroli di Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat dan sekitarnya. Jalur patroli menembus taman nasional, utamanya area inti konservasi harimau. Selama 2017 saja, tim menempuh jarak 1.952 kilometer—hampir dua kali panjang Pulau Jawa.

Aktivitas konservasi harimau sumatra di area inti jantung Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat ini merupakan bagian dari implementasi Transforming Effectiveness of Biodiversity Conservation in Priority Sumatran Landscapes atau yang lebih dikenal dengan nama Proyek Sumatran Tiger.

Di wilayah ini, Proyek Sumatran Tiger bekerja sama dengan sejumlah mitra yaitu Balai Besar Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat dan Fauna and Flora International. “Di area inti, kita membentuk blok-blok yang selalu kita monitor,” jelas Wido Rizki Albert, koordinator Biodiversity Fauna & Flora International-Indonesia Programme di Kerinci.

Pemantauan dilakukan oleh Tim Monitoring Harimau Sumatra Kerinci Seblat (MHSKS) dengan kamera intai. Dari rekaman kamera, tim menganalisis dinamika populasi harimau dan mangsanya. Daerah jelajah harimau memang mengikuti sebaran mangsa. Itu berarti melestarikan harimau harus diikuti dengan upaya melindungi satwa mangsa.

Kamera juga merekam aktivitas ilegal yang dilakukan orang di taman nasional. Informasi terakhir ini penting dalam mencegah perburuan liar. “Jadi, ada dua upaya konservasi di Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat. “Upaya perlindungan yang dilakukan PHSKS, dan kegiatan monitoring oleh MHSKS,” lanjut Wido. “Ada juga tim pendukung di kawasan penyangga yang mendukung kegiatan di dalam taman nasional.”

Wilayah penyangga taman nasional ini adalah hutan yang dikelola Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan (KPH) dari empat provinsi: Jambi, Bengkulu, Sumatra Barat, dan Sumatra Selatan. Ada juga kawasan konservasi, seperti cagar alam, suaka margasatwa dan taman wisata alam dalam kewenangan Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam (BKSDA).

“Kawasan Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi (KPHP) Kerinci umumnya di wilayah penyangga taman nasional. Jadi, hutan KPHP merupakan koridor harimau,” jelas Neneng Susanti, kepala KPHP Unit 1 Kerinci, Jambi. Sayangnya, sebagian besar area hutan produksi telah ditempati masyarakat. Konflik harimau dan manusia tak terelakkan. “Belakangan ini semakin sering konflik. Harimau turun, dan memangsa hewan piaraan,” imbuh Neneng.

Direktur Jenderal Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Ekosistem, Wiratno menuturkan, penyelesaian konflik harus melibatkan banyak pihak: swasta, masyarakat, pemerintah daerah dan aparat keamanan. “Itu yang kita lakukan untuk menyelamatkan harimau yang dipandang mengganggu di luar kawasan konservasi. “Tantangannya, menyamakan visi dalam konservasi harimau di tingkat lanskap. Kita memang harus duduk bersama dengan banyak pihak,” jelasnya.

Lantaran itu, kawasan konservasi dan kawasan hutan lindung ataupun hutan produksi bisa saling melengkapi. Ini terutama dalam melindungi habitat dan populasi harimau di luar kawasan konservasi.

Dengan demikian, papar Wiratno, pengelola kawasan konservasi bekerja dengan dua sistem: ke dalam dan ke luar. “Sistem ke dalam terkait pengelolaan kawasan konservasi, sistem ke luar bekerjasama dengan masyarakat, tokoh desa, dan KPH. Prinsipnya, bertetangga yang baik dengan pihak di sekitar taman nasional.”

Di sisi lain, penegakan hukum juga penting dalam menurunkan kejahatan terhadap satwa liar. “Penegakan hukum juga penting bagi kelompok pemburu yang hanya mementingkan bisnisnya. Kita harus keras terhadap kelompok ini.”

Pada akhirnya, pelestarian harimau menuntut komunikasi terus-menerus para pihak. “Kuncinya adalah koeksis: masyarakat hidup berdampingan dengan satwa liar. Jangan sampai kita terjebak dalam fenomena hutan kosong, hutan tanpa satwa liar. Pada dasarnya, hutan tanpa satwa liar tidak pantas lagi disebut hutan.”

Sumber: Nationalgeographic.co.id

TNKS Trains 19 Personnel to Monitor Tiger Population

Kerinci Seblat National Park (BBTNKS) in collaboration with Center for Education and Training, Ministry of Environment and Forestry conducted “Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Training”, to conservation area management personnel and partners. This activity – supported by Sumatran Tiger Project – was held on October 8-13, 2018, in Sungai Penuh City, Jambi Province.

The training was attended by 19 participants from Kerinci Seblat National Park, Gunung Leuser National Park, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, BKSDA North Sumatra, BKSDA Jambi, KSDA Bengkulu – Lampung, Lampung KPH Unit 1 Kerinci KPHP , PT. Supreme Energy Muara Labuh, Sumatra Dharmasraya Tiger Rehabilitation Center (PR-HSD), MIPA Faculty of Andalas University, Forestry Faculty of West Sumatra Muhammadiyah University, Faculty of Forestry Jambi University, and Conservation Society Institution – ICS.

The training used guidelines signed by Director General of Natural Resource and Ecosystem Conservation, in reference to KLHK PUSDIKLAT Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Training Curriculum that discusses KLHK Policy in Sumatran Tiger Conservation, Important Value of Sumatran Tiger Conservation, Sumatran Tiger Bio-ecology, Introduction to Sumatran Tiger Monitoring and Camera Traps, Survey Design, data base and data management, methods for monitoring populations (occupancy & population density), estimating and monitoring Sumatran tigers, and preparing action plans.

In his opening remarks, representing the Head of BBTNKS, Agusman, S.P, M.Sc., said that one of main performance indicators of Directorate General of KSDAE – KLHK is increasing population of 25 priority protected species, including Sumatran tiger species.

“At present, we do not have a uniform methodology to monitor the population of Sumatran tigers, either due to gaps in knowledge and understanding, limited human resources or other things. This training is very important, and we thank Sumatran Tiger Project for facilitating this training,”he said.

The teaching team in this training came from LHK HR PUSDIK and other relevant organizations. They trainers are Dr. Ir. Novianto Bambang W, M.Sc and Ir. Waldemar Hasiholan, M.Sc., Irene Margareth R. Pinondang – SINTAS Indonesia, Wido R. Albert – FFI IP and Tomi Ariyanto – ZSL IP.

At the end of the activity, Ir. Rusman, as Head of Conservation Technical Division of BBTNKS asked all participants – representatives of 14 institutions / institutions – to develop the knowledge that had been obtained. “Through Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Training activities, it is expected that participants can plan surveys and monitoring, analyze data and provide management recommendations related to Sumatran tiger conservation,” he said.

@RonaldSiagian

National Park Team Arrests 2 Suspects of Sumatran Tiger Traders

Bravo! Highest appreciation for team of officers from Kerinci Seblat National Park. BBTNKS team successfully arrested two suspected traffickers in Jalan Lintas Sumatra tiger Bangko – Kerinci, Rengas Island Village, District Merangin, Jambi province on Tuesday evening, on August 14, 2018.

Two suspects of Sumatran tiger trading bear initials of S (34 years), Beringin Tinggi village residents and B (30 years old), resident of the village of Rantau Suli, in East Jangkat, Merangin District, Jambi Province.

Together with the suspects, TNKS officers secured several evidences: one sheet of wet Sumatran tiger skin, one pack of tiger bones weighing 6.8 kg and equipments (a backpack and two vehicles) used by the suspect.

Success of this arrest was the result of an investigation by Kerinci Seblat National Park team conducted since 8 August. TNKS team then coordinated with the Merangin Police Resort. Perpetrators and evidence currently detained at Merangin District Police to follow further legal proceedings. Law enforcement is one of keys to protect endangered animals including Sumatran tigers.

@SumatranTigerID

Partners Against Crime

World Wildlife Day 2018 under the theme “Big cats: predators under threat” gives us the opportunity to raise awareness about Sumatran Tigers plight to galvanise support for the many global and national actions that are underway to save these iconic species.

Please find our Special Report detailing collaboration to save the majestic Sumatran Tigers below. Andrea Egan, Erin Charles, Hizbullah Arief, Tashi Dorji have contributed to this report.

Photos by Sumatran Tiger Patrol team, Forum Harimau Kita, WCS Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International and Dr. Peter Schmidt. Enjoy the story! PARTNERS AGAINST CRIME #WorldWildlifeDay #PredatorsUnderThreat #SaveSumatranTigers #TigerUpdate #WeAreTigers

@SumatranTigerID

Big Cats Featured in International Film Festival

Have all the big cats ever come under the international spotlight as a group? Probably not, but they will soon. The Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival announced Sunday, 24 September 2017, that they are teaming up again to organize an international film festival, this time for the world’s big cats, to raise global awareness of the critical challenges facing these iconic species.

The Film Festival will be one of the global events that will anchor next year’s UN World Wildlife Day (3 March) celebrated around the theme of big cats. Winners will be announced at UN Headquarters in New York at a high level event to observe the Day.

The call for entry will start in October and close on 15 December 2017 and finalists will be announced in January 2018. Winners will be presented at a high level event to coincide with the global celebration of UN World Wildlife Day at UN Headquarters in New York on 3 March 2018.

Winning and finalist films will be subsequently showcased extensively throughout the world.Participants are asked to submit media in one or more of the following categories:

  1. Issues and solutions
  2. Conservation heroes
  3. People and big cats
  4. Science and conservation
  5. Micro movie (under 5 minutes).
  6. Local voices

Programmes created since 1 January 2010 are eligible for consideration. Visit this link for further information: International Film Festival for Big Cats 2018.

Conflicts Threaten Sumatran Tiger Population

Human and tiger conflicts negatively affect the number of tiger populations in Sumatra. This is discussed in the book “Spatio-temporal Patterns of Human-Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra (2001-2016)”.

There are two indicators that determine the negative impact of conflict on the Sumatran tiger population.

The first indicators are the tiger mortality index and the second is tiger removal index.

The tiger mortality index is measured by the number of tigers being killed in each conflict by poison, snares or killed after being rescued by government officials and staff of non-governmental organizations.

While the tiger removal index is the number of tigers being removed from their habitat when a conflict occurs. This tiger removal can occur because the tiger was killed or caught by the authorities and transferred to the zoo.

Data from 2001-2016 showed tiger mortality index and tiger removal index continue to increase.

The more the number of tigers killed and displaced, the higher the negative impact of conflict on tiger populations in Sumatra. Tiger populations will continue to decrease if human and tiger conflicts are not reduced or prevented. The Sumatran Tiger project is working with relevant stakeholders towards reducing human tiger conflicts.

@SumatranTigerID

Human Tiger Conflict Highest in 2010

Human and tiger conflicts continued to increase from 2001 and peaked in 2010. In that year there were 162 conflicts occurring predominantly from cases of tigers attacking cattle and tigers roaming around villages or residential areas.

After 2010, number of human and tiger conflicts continues to decline until 2016. The decline in the number of human and tiger conflicts is likely triggered by an increasing number of tigers being killed and displaced.

In the period 2001-2016, the number of tigers killed and displaced continued to increase. 130 tigers who died due to human and tiger conflicts. Only 5 tigers were transferred to other conservation sites after the conflict. A total of 43 tigers were sent to the zoo.

The number of tigers that ran after the conflict reached 879 tigers. of that number, as many as 8 tigers ran in the wounded condition. The number of dead and displaced tigers could have a negative impact on the tiger population.

@SumatranTigerID

Types of Human and Tiger Conflict

As already mentioned in the previous article, the handling of human and tiger conflicts in Sumatra received serious attention after the Sumatra Sumatran tiger conservation strategy document was published in 2007.

The book “Spatio – Temporal Patterns of Human Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra 2001 – 2016” seeks to understand the locations of conflicts that cause the victims of livestock, humans and tigers. Reports in this book will be useful for preventing and reducing future human and tiger conflicts.

For that the authors collect data from agencies at the provincial level, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and non-governmental organizations such as HarimauKita, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), WWF, Zoological Society of London (ZSL) – Indonesia Program, LIF, PKHS, Fauna Flora International (FFI) and SRI working in tiger conservation. Before performing the analysis these data are verified to prevent duplicate data.

From these data, there are four types of human and tiger conflicts.

The first type of conflicts is stray tiger incidents. This incident occurred when the tiger roamed around the human settlement or village, causing fear but no casualties from both human and tiger.

The second type of human and tiger conflicts is when tigers prey on cattle so that cattle are injured or killed.

The third type of human and tiger conflicts when tigers attack humans that result in victims being injured or killed.

The fourth type of human and tiger conflicts is when a tiger is killed by a human either with poison, snares, rifles or other tools that cause the death of a tiger. From 2001-2016 data recorded 1065 cases of conflict between humans and tigers in all parts of the island of Sumatra. Information on the types of conflicts and their distribution will be discussed in the next article.

@SumatranTigerID

Only Sumatran Tiger Left in Wild

Indonesia has three tiger sub-species namely Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica). Of the three tiger siblings are only the remaining Sumatran tiger. Bali tigers and Java tigers are declared extinct based on IUCN report 2014). This is revealed in the book “Spatio – Temporal Patterns of Human Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra 2001 – 2016”.

Humans have been living side by side with the tiger for a long time. Human and tiger conflicts continue to occur. The extinction of Javanese tiger is proof, human and tiger conflicts could be the main cause of the extinction of this rare species.

Currently only Sumatran tigers are left in Indonesia. The latest population analysis by the Ministry of Environment and Forests this year (2017) mentions the Sumatran tiger population is currently less than 700 tigers in wild. This population is constantly threatened by poaching including human and wildlife conflicts.

Considering this critical situation, efforts to prevent and reduce all cases that lead to tiger deaths need to be done to succeed Sumatran tiger conservation.

Specifically with regard to human and tiger conflicts, to prevent and mitigate such conflicts, an understanding of the scale and distribution of critical conflicts is needed to allocate resources effectively and efficiently. The last report on the characteristics of human and tiger conflicts was published by Nyhus & Tilson in 2004.

The handling of human and tiger conflicts in Sumatra received serious attention after the document of Sumatran tiger conservation strategy was published in 2007. The book “Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Human Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra 2001-2016” analyze the locations of conflicts and the victims of conflicts including livestock, humans and tigers . Reports in this book will be useful to prevent and reduce future human and tiger conflicts in the future. Project Sumatran Tiger will report the findings into series of articles discussing human tiger conflicts.

@SumatranTigerID