Penghargaan terhadap Aksi Konservasi di TNBBS

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Dirjen KSDAE, Ir. Wiratno, M.Sc dalam kunjungan kerja bersama anggota Komisi IV DPR RI, Sudin, SE ke Tanggamus, 28 Pebruari 2021 memberikan penghargaan kepada kelompok masyarakat yang selama ini telah berkontribusi/turut serta dalam pengelolaan kawasan TNBBS.

Penghargaan ini salah satunya diterima oleh Kelompok Cakra Wana atas kontribusinya mengubah ancaman Kawasan hutan di TNBBS yaitu tumbuhan invasivif /tumbuhan perusak hutan jenis mantangan (Merremia Peltate) menjadi peluang ekonomi bagi masyarakat.

KTH Cakra Wana adalah Kelompok Tani Hutan yang dibentuk tahun 2019. Sejak 2019, kelompok ini secara aktif dan mandiri mengendalikan penyebaran tanaman invasif jenis mantangan seluas 20 ha di Resor Pemerihan, SPTN II Bengkunat, BPTN I Semaka.

KTH Cakra Wana mendapatkan pembinaan dari pihak Balai Besar TNBBS dan Sumatran Tiger Project GEF-UNDP. Kelompok ini juga aktif melakukan upaya deteksi dini, penghalauan dan penjagaan terhadap potensi interaksi negatif antara manusia dengan gajah liar di Pekon Pemerihan, Kecamatan Bengkunat, Kabupaten Pesisir Barat.

Pada acara yang berlangsung di Komplek Rumah Dinas DPRD Tanggamus tersebut sekaligus ditampilkan produk-produk pemanfaatan limbah mantangan, yang merupakan tumbuhan perusak hutan, menjadi pupuk kompos dan kerajinan.

“Ini merupakan inovasi baru (mengubah) tanaman mantangan menjadi produk yang menghasilkan untuk masyarakat. (Inisiatif ini) Harus terus di dukung, “ ujar Dirjen KSDAE, Ir. Wiratno, M.Sc.

Dalam kesempatan tersebut Balai Besar TNBBS juga menyerahkan Buku Profil Resor TNBBS, yang dibuat atas kerjasama Balai Besar TNBBS, Sumatran Tiger Project GEF-UNDP, dan WCS-IP.

Penghargaan juga diberikan kepada Satgas Pekon Margomulyo, binaan Balai Besar TNBBS bersama WCS-IP yang didukung juga dari Sumatran Tiger Project GEF-UNDP dalam kiprahnya turut membantu mengatasi konflik manusia dan satwa liar di Provinsi Lampung.

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Kesadaran Konservasi Satwa Liar Masih Sangat Rendah

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Pernyataan di atas disampaikan oleh Prof. Dr. Satyawan Pudyatmoko, M.Sc., IPU dalam Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar dalam Bidang Ilmu Pengelolaan Satwa Liar, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada yang dilaksanakan pada hari Selasa, 25 Februari 2020.

Dalam pidato yang berjudul “Merawat Hubungan Manusia dan Satwa Liar” ini, Profesor Satyawan menyatakan, saat ini, tingkat laju kepunahan spesies telah mencapai 100-1000 kali lebih tinggi dari pada laju kepunahan alami. Kurang lebih 10-30% spesies mamalia, burung dan amfibi terancam punah.

“Sekarang kita telah memasuki gelombang kepunahan massal ke-6,” ujar Prof. Satyawan. Gelombang kepunahan massal sebelumnya, yaitu kepunahan massal yang ke-5, menurut Prof. Satyawan terjadi sekitar 65 juta tahun yang lalu yang menyebabkan musnahnya jenis-jenis dinosaurus.

Salah satu ancaman serius dalam pelestarian keanekaragaman hayati adalah perdagangan global satwa liar.

“Pasar gelap satwa liar adalah bisnis yang sangat menguntungkan setelah obat-obat terlarang, persenjataan dan barang-barang palsu,” tutur Prof. Satyawan mengutip penelitian Campbell et al., 2019. “Nilai jual beli satwa ilegal ditaksir mencapai US$7-23 miliar per tahun dan dioperasikan oleh organisasi kriminal yang sangat profesional,” tambahnya lagi.

Perdagangan satwa liar adalah bentuk kejahatan trans-nasional yang sangat serius dan terkait dengan bentuk-bentuk kejahatan yang lain seperti korupsi dan penguatan jaringan kriminal internasional. “Perdagangan satwa liar ilegal juga mendorong penyebaran penyakit infeksi,” tutur Prof. Satyawan.

Pernyataan ini sangat relevan dengan kasus penyebaran virus corona (COVID-19) yang saat ini masih berlangsung. Sebagaimana diberitakan oleh Kantor Berita Antara, Badan legislatif China akan secepatnya melarang perdagangan dan konsumsi hewan liar sebagai salah satu upaya negara itu mengatasi wabah virus corona (COVID-19) yang telah mengorbankan ribuan jiwa.

Indonesia sebagai negara dengan keanekaragaman hayati yang tinggi menjadi lokasi yang tingkat ancaman terhadap keanekaragaman hayati yang juga tinggi (hot spot). “Salah satu ukuran dari hot spot adalah laju hilangnya habitat. Dengan makin berkurangnya habitat, potensi konflik manusia dan satwa liar makin meningkat,” ujar Prof. Satyawan.

Prof. Satyawan menegaskan, adanya serangan harimau, gajah, monyet ekor panjang ke lahan garapan manusia adalah akibat dari perebutan ruang hidup antara manusia dan satwa liar.

“Pada umumnya hilangnya habitat terjadi akibat perubahan hutan menjadi lahan-lahan budi daya (pertanian, perkebunan dan hutan tanaman industri) serta infrastruktur yang dianggap lebih produktif dan lebih relevan untuk perekonomian negara,” tuturnya.

Padahal dalam perspektif ekonomi, keanekaragaman hayati berpengaruh langsung terhadap kesejahteraan manusia. “Jasa ekosistem yang diperankan oleh keanekaragaman hayati seperti penyerbukan, pemurnian air, pencegahan banjir dan penyerapan karbon ditaksir bernilai US$125-140 triliun per tahun, lebih dari separuh Produk Domestik Bruto Dunia,” ujarnya. “Oleh karena itu satwa liar bukan sekedar sumber daya atau komoditas yang bisa diperjualbelikan atau dinilai dengan uang.” tambahnya lagi.

Prof. Satyawan menyatakan, satwa liar juga memberikan kontribusi yang besar pada perkembangan ilmu kesehatan. Buku “Sustaining Life: How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity” mengidentifikasi tujuh grup organisme yang memiliki peran kunci untuk kesehatan manusia serta menguraikan bagaimana pengaruh hilangnya organisme tersebut terhadap manusia. “Dari tujuh grup organisme tersebut, enam grup diantaranya adalah jenis satwa liar,” tutur Prof. Satyawan.

Manusia adalah sub-sistem dari alam. Dalam perspektif koevolusi tidak ada spesies yang lebih penting dari pada spesies lain dan tidak ada spesies yang lebih berharga. “Oleh karena itu semua spesies harus dihargai keberadaannya dan tidak bisa dinilai semata-mata sebagai sumber daya,” tegas Prof. Satyawan.

Namun Prof. Setyawan mengingatkan, walaupun sudah diuraikan nilai-nilai satwa liar bagi kemaslahatan manusia, namun kesadaran konservasi satwa liar masih sangat rendah, baik di level masyarakat maupun para pengambil kebijakan. Sehingga, “Tidak mudah untuk mendamaikan konflik-konflik kepentingan dalam perebutan ruang hidup antara satwa liar dan manusia,” tuturnya.

Lemahnya inovasi teknologi pertanian dan rendahnya ketersediaan lahan akan meningkatkan kompetisi satwa dan manusia. “Ini adalah tantangan terberat bagi para konservasionis satwa,” ujar Prof. Satyawan.

Menurutnya, konservasi satwa liar adalah ilmu sekaligus seni. “Diperlakukan kemampuan dalam meramu berbagai disiplin ilmu, serta melakukan komunikasi dan persuasi dengan para pemangku kepentingan,” tutur Prof. Satyawan.

@SumatranTigerID

First Public Consultation for SRAK 2019-2029

Jambi, May 2, 2019 – Sumatran tigers are increasingly threatened, both by hunting and habitat loss due to the conversion of forest areas into plantations, settlements and other development activities. One of the impacts was increasingly numbers of conflict between humans and tigers which in general tigers were killed by being killed or excluded from their habitat.

Efforts to conserve Sumatran tigers have achieved a lot of progress since the formulation of the 2007-2017 Sumatran Tiger Conservation Action Plan (SRAK HARIMAU) Strategy involving various stakeholders. Various conservation actions have been implemented by Government of the Republic of Indonesia, regional governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), universities, the private sector and the community. SRAK HARIMAU 2007 – 2017 has ended and the new SRAK draft (2019–2029) has been prepared jointly with various parties.

Director of Biodiversity Conservation, Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), Indra Exploitasia said, “The government gives full attention to the conservation of endemic species in Indonesia. Therefore, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry which has the authority to protect wild animals will continue to improve coordination with relevant sectors and important partners such as regional government. This aims to protect both the animals and their habitat. Around 61.34% Sumatran Tiger’s habitat and cruising areas are outside the conservation areas which are under the authority of the regional government and private sectors. ”

“Therefore, in an effort to conserve Sumatran tigers and other animals, we will support local government to continue protection and preservation of biodiversity.”

Governor of Jambi through Governor’s Expert Staff for Community and Human Resources, Drs. H. Ahmad Bastari, M.Pd expressed his support for Sumatran tiger conservation in conducting public consultations at BW Luxury Hotel, Jambi on Thursday (02/05/2019).

“Tigers are charismatic animals, they have several dimensions, including ecology, culture and economy that are not separate and complementary. These relationship are very close to humans, if one extinction in ecosystem will adversely affect human survival in future. I am very supportive of Sumatran tiger conservation efforts and I hope that Strategy and Action Plan for Sumatran Tiger Conservation 2019-2029 is also supported by all parties as Sumatran tiger conservation efforts, “Ahmad explained.

Head of the Jambi Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA), Rahmad Saleh stated that the 2019-2029 SRAK needs to be resolved immediately. “Jambi has 4 areas inhabited by Sumatran tigers. SRAK HARIMAU 2019-2029 needs to be resolved immediately because threat to tigers is getting higher. ”

In its implementation, Directorate General of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation (KSDAE) collaborates with various parties such as the cross-ministerial central government, local governments, NGOs, academics, the private sector and the wider community in ensuring that these work programs are implemented.

Chairperson of HarimauKita Forum (FHK) Munawar Kholis stated that, SRAK HARIMAU 2007-2017 had ended, since the new SRAK document had been prepared since 2018. The draft SRAK HARIMAU 2019-2029 has now being formulated simultaneously with other parties.

This tiger conservation needs to be run with innovation and also really pay attention to various aspects that intersect with the community. Public consultation is needed to ensure synergies with stakeholders, so that it can also refine the strategy for the next 10 years. “The big goal of conservation is a sustainable Sumatran tiger, a prosperous society and that is becoming part of the success of Indonesia’s development,” explained Kholis.

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Media Contact (contact):

Dit. KKH: Ir. Puja Utama, M.Sc (+62 812-7963-755)
Balai KSDA Jambi (Humas): M. Ali Imron (+62 852-6648-4401)
Chairperson of the HarimauKita Forum: Munawar Kholis (+62 811-1101-281)

Sumatra Wide Tiger Survey 2018-2019 Begins

Jakarta, March 13, 2019 – The Indonesian government through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) has targeted number of Sumatran tigers to be doubled by 2022 – a target set out in National Tiger Recovery Program (NTRP) 2010-2022. Ministry of Environment and Forestry together with its partners conduct periodic and systematic monitoring through the activities of the Sumatra Wide Tiger Survey (SWTS) to monitor the effectiveness of Sumatran tiger conservation efforts in order to achieve this target.

The first SWTS held between 2007 and 2009 revealed that 72% of the survey area was still inhabited by Sumatran tigers. According to many experts, this condition perceived to be good. The first SWTS had also been the main reference in the preparation of several strategic Sumatran tiger conservation documents, both on a national and international scale. After approximately 10 years, KLHK and its partners are implementing the second SWTS. The second SWTS activity was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of Sumatran tiger conservation efforts that have been running for the past 10 years.

The Director General of KSDAE, Wiratno, gave a direction read by the Director of Essential Ecosystem Management, Tandya Tjahjana, at the launch of the survey at Menara Peninsula Hotel, March 13, 2019. “The Ministry of LHK continues to commit and establish good cooperation with relevant parties to promote in-situ Sumatran tiger conservation. Conservation programs had also developed in the past 10 years. I hope, with implementation of this second SWTS activity, the support and active participation of parties towards preserving Sumatran tigers and other wildlife will increase and can be synergized with regional development policies in the region, “he said.

Director of Biodiversity Conservation, Indra Exploitasia stated that the second SWTS activity was important to be carried out considering the increasing threat to preservation of Sumatran tigers in nature. “In addition to information regarding the distribution of Sumatran tigers, the output expected from the second STWS activity is population condition data and distribution of prey, disease and genetic animals in all Sumatran tiger habitat, so that it can map the gap in conservation activities that have been carried out,” she said.

Furthermore, all data, information and studies taken from SWTS activities will be collected in the database of Directorate General of KSDAE and subsequently become a reference for conservation policies not only for Sumatran tigers but also for rhinos, orangutans, elephants and other wildlife on the island of Sumatra.

Hariyo T. Wibisono, Executive Coordinator of SWTS stated, “SWTS 2018-2019 is the largest wildlife survey activity in the world, both in terms of partnerships, human resources involved, and area coverage. A total of 74 survey teams (354 team members) from 30 institutions were deployed to carry out surveys in 23 tiger distribution areas covering 12.9 million hectares, including 6.4 million hectares covered in the first SWTS. “15 technical implementation units (UPT) KLHK, more than 10 KPHs, 21 national and international NGOs, two universities, two companies, and 13 donor institutions have joined to support SWTS activities.” he said.

Prof. Dr. Gono Semiadi from LIPI, explained that there were several things will be produced from this second SWTS. “We hope to be able to find the proportion of areas that are living areas of tigers, information about population genetic diversity in each habitat, increasing national technical capacity, and some tiger conservation strategy documents such as those produced by SWTS first.”

This survey not only involves the government but also all stakeholders in efforts to save tigers. “The 2007-2009 survey was the first largest survey of tigers in the world. With successful collaboration in the past, we are confident that now we can repeat success through good collaboration across organizations. This multi-stakeholder involvement is a step forward in building a comprehensive conservation design at central government and regional government level, “said Munawar Kholis, Chair of the Forum HarimauKita (FHK).

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Media Contact (contact):

KKH, KLHK: Desy S. Chandradewi (+62 812-9542-679)
SWTS Executive Coordinator: Hariyo T. Wibisono (+62 812-1099-557)
Chairperson of the HarimauKita Forum: Munawar Kholis (+62 811-1101-281)

MoEF and UNDP Indonesia Visit Berbak Sembilang NP

Ministry of Environment and Forestry and UNDP Indonesia, supported by Sumatran Tiger Project just completed field visits from 28-30 January 2019 to Berbak Sembilang National Park. In this activity, the parties checked various developments and achievements of Sumatran Tiger Project in Berbak Sembilang National Park.

Berbak Sembilang National Park Authority has developed “situational room” to collect SMART patrol data from the field and documented findings for use in decision-making in protection, preservation and utilization of national parks. Some endangered and protected species in this area are Sumatran tiger and tapir. Sembilang National Park is also a Ramsar site and is spot for migratory water birds.

Team from Ministry of Environment and Forestry and UNDP Indonesia also witnessed technical training in wetland ecosystem management implemented by Yapeka to improve management effectiveness in Sembilang Berbilang National Park which is a habitat for Sumatran tiger, Asian elephant, Asian tapir, siamang, gold cats, sambar deer, estuaries crocodiles, Sembilang fish, giant freshwater turtles, freshwater dolphins and various bird species.

On second day, the team also visited Simpang Bungur Post, Air Hitam Dalam using two speedboats to observe condition of wetland ecosystem. The team camped in this area to witness the challenges of managing Berbak Sembilang ecosystem and solutions at field.

MoEF and UNDP Indonesia team also visited Rantau Rasau Village, the oldest village in Tanjung Jabung Timur District to witness participatory GIS mapping and training by PILI Green Network. The team met Rantau Rasau Village Head and witnessed the training that was expected to be an innovative resolution of tenurial conflict around Sungai Rambut Resort, Berbak Sembilang National Park.

The team also observed human and tiger conflict mitigation solutions at Berbak Sembilang National Park in Telago Limo Village, where Sumatran Tiger Project with its partner, ZSL, created a mural at village hall to increase public’s awareness on the importance of Sumatran tiger and other wildlife and plants. The village hall that is used for meetings and community activities – including weddings – is the right location to increase community awareness.

@SumatranTigerID

Partners Against Crime

World Wildlife Day 2018 under the theme “Big cats: predators under threat” gives us the opportunity to raise awareness about Sumatran Tigers plight to galvanise support for the many global and national actions that are underway to save these iconic species.

Please find our Special Report detailing collaboration to save the majestic Sumatran Tigers below. Andrea Egan, Erin Charles, Hizbullah Arief, Tashi Dorji have contributed to this report.

Photos by Sumatran Tiger Patrol team, Forum Harimau Kita, WCS Indonesia, Fauna & Flora International and Dr. Peter Schmidt. Enjoy the story! PARTNERS AGAINST CRIME #WorldWildlifeDay #PredatorsUnderThreat #SaveSumatranTigers #TigerUpdate #WeAreTigers

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History of World Tiger Day

International Tiger Day is celebrated on July 29 with an aim of increasing awareness towards the conservation of tigers worldwide. This day was first started and celebrated in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit and was conceptualized when experts realized that tigers were very close to extinction. Many animal welfare organizations came forward to pledge the protection of these beautiful creatures by helping to raise funds. The main goal of Tiger Day is to make sure that the protection and expansion of wild tiger habitats is promoted well. And this can happen only with the right awareness for tiger conservation.

Some of the main reasons that led to the dwindling number of tigers are climate change, poaching and urbanization (in Indonesia’s context adds deforestation).

Urbanization – and deforestation – lead to forests shrinking and prey becoming scarce for tigers. This makes the tigers hunt in nearby villages for domestic livestock and in retaliation by humans the tigers are killed. The other main reason climate change also has a big contribution towards the decrease in tigers. Rising sea levels threaten the existence of forests and their wildlife habitats including tigers. Some reports go to the extent of claiming that tigers will become extinct in another 15 years.

Source: World Tiger Day

Project Tiger Holds Coordination Meeting in TNKS

As a first step of the project activity, Sumatran Tiger Project holds coordination meeting between related parties to narrow the communication gap and synchronize biodiversity conservation activities in the Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS) landscape.

The meeting discussed current state of tiger conditions, based on monitoring results of tigers and prey animals in TNKS. Communication is one of the keys to successful law enforcement of wildlife crime cases. The meeting was held on April 28, 2017 at Hotel Odua Weston Jambi, Jambi City.

Partnership in landscape-level to solve illegal wildlife cases is expected to be developed and operated in TNKS. Rudijanta, National Project Manager (NPM) of Sumatran Tiger Project exposed Transforming Effectiveness of Biodiversity Conservation in Priority Sumatran Landscapes or Sumatran Tiger’s initiatives. Ir. Rusman, Head of Conservation Technic at BBTNKS explored management of national park area to protect wildlife. Meanwhile, Fauna and Flora International (FFI), Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Conservation Program (PHSKS) and Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Monitoring Tam (MHSKS) provided information on tiger conditions and problems facing tiger core areas.

Mr. Krismanko Padang as a resource person from Balai KSDA Jambi Province, conveyed the key to successful law enforcement of protected plants and animals. In overall, these activities had successfully built partnership among stakeholders to save Sumatran Tigers.

Good communication is needed to establish cooperation between the managers of TNKS, Gakkum, BKSDA, Dinas Kehutaan, Polri and also NGO / NGO. Spirit was high as the project gained supports and enthusiasms from participants who were willing to be involved in the project implementation.

@SumatranTigerID