Evaluasi merupakan bagian tidak terpisahkan dari siklus pengelolaan kawasan konservasi. Rencana Strategis Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan 2020-2024 menegaskan berlanjutnya kebijakan peningkatan efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi.
Oleh karena itu, diperlukan metodologi yang tepat untuk mengukur kinerja pemerintah dalam hal ini Direktorat Jenderal KSDAE terkait dengan peningkatan efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi. Efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi di Indonesia dalam lima tahun terakhir diukur menggunakan pendekatan Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT).
Ada beberapa catatan yang bisa dijadikan rujukan untuk pengelolaan kawasan di Indonesia yang lebih baik lagi. Catatan-catatan tersebut bisa diunduh (download) dan dibaca dalam dokumen berikut ini: Risalah Kebijakan Evaluasi Efektivitas Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi di Indonesia.
Penyusunan risalah kebijakan ini didukung oleh UNDP GEF Tiger Project sebagai salah satu tindak lanjut dari Workshop Pembelajaran dan Evaluasi Efektivitas Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi di Indonesia pada 16-17 Desember 2019 di Hotel Salak Padjadjaran Bogor.
Fauna & Flora International – Indonesia Programme (FFI-IP), partner of Kerinci Seblat National Park Center (BBTNKS), has organized coordination meeting on operationalization of Spatial Monitoring And Reporting Tool (SMART) in BBTNKS area. The meeting – supported by Sumatran Tiger Project – is part of an effort to increase capacity of SMART administrator in managing SMART data base in BBTNKS.
The coordination meeting is the second meeting in 2018. This event took place on 28 – 29 May 2018 at Arafah Hotel, Sungai Penuh, Jambi Province.
There are 22 participants in this coordination meeting. They are SMART data administrator at BBTNKS Office and its management area at field and resort level. The training was also attended by SMART PHS-KS data administrators, SMART MHS-KS data administrators, and SMART Lingkar Institute data admins.
Acting Head of BBTNKS Mr. Agusman, S.P., M.Sc. opened the event and provided some directions. Agusman mentioned, result of this evaluation would be followed up by structural coordination meeting on 30 May 2018 at BBTNKS office to support implementation of SMART system in BBTNKS. Furthermore, the SMART System will support Directorate General of KSDAE’s situation room or sit room by providing integrated and field-based.
Mr. Andrinaldi Adnan, S.Hut, M.Sc., Commitment Maker Official for Sumatran Tiger GEF – UNDP Project at BBTNKS also took part in this activity. He mentioned SMART system should have positive impacts that will certainly improve management effectiveness at BBTNKS through several training and coordination meetings.
Mr Donny Gunaryadi as Head of Biodiversity FFI – IP became the resource person and facilitator in this meeting. The first day meeting discussed: (1) Overview of SMART result / achievement between January-April 2018 in BBTNKS area; and (2) Delivery of progress of the National SMART POKJA, followed by (1) Discussion of SMART operationalization in BBTNKS area, SOP, constraints and solutions; (2) Finalization of SMART field data in BBTNKS area; and (3) Introduction of SMART version 5.0.3 (latest) to BBTNKS administrators and partners.
After getting additional information and knowledge on SMART, all attendees also discussed SMART operationalization, and agreed upon several issues. One of them is schedule for the next meeting which is in September 2018.
Project Implementation Unit (PIU) in Gunung Leuser National Park Office facilitated a SMART Patrol implementation training that includes data collection and reporting system for resort team of BPTN-II Scope of Gunung Leuser National Park. The training was held for 4 days from 23-26 May 2018, in Ketambe, Aceh Tenggara.
This activity is a tangible effort to increase stakeholder capacity at the site level in securing and protecting the TNGL area, especially in the BPTN-II Kutacane region, through increasing SMART-based patrols.
The training attended by SMART patrol supporters in the SPTN-III Blangkejeren and SPTN-IV Badar – BPTN-II Kutacane, with a total of 39 participants.
The event was fully organized by the technical team of Gunung Leuser National Park Office, with the support of the facilitator team from WCS IP and funding support from GEF-UNDP Sumatran Tiger Project.
Sumatran Tiger Project in collaboration with the Directorate of Biodiversity Conservation, Directorate General of KSDAE, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, has published the book “Sumatran Tiger Population Monitoring Guidance”. For colleagues interested in getting this book please download through the following link: “Panduan Pemantauan Populasi Harimau”
In the world there are various types of wild cat mammals, ranging from carakal, lynx, jaguar, leopard, lion, puma, snow leopard to tiger. Of all the types of wildcats in the world, as many as 75% involved in conflict with humans.
This is revealed in a book titled “Spatio-temporal Patterns of Human Tiger Conflicts in Sumatra” jointly published by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Sumatran Tiger Project and Forum Harimau Kita.
The book, written by Erlinda C Kartika, states, as a predator, various types of wildcats are considered as a threat to humans and livestock. Wild cats need a very wide range of habitat to roam and require a large supply of food.
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is one of the wild cat species that is in conflict with humans. Human and tiger conflicts are not only detrimental to humans as well as to tiger populations. Humans and tigers can lose their lives by this deadly conflict.
Due to these human and tiger conflicts, the existence of tigers receive negative impression from member of communities. Unsustainable development that damages the ecosystem is the main cause of the emerging conflict between humans and tigers. Habitat of tigers destroyed, forests cleared for agricultural land and other infratructures. Tigers lose their territory to search for prey and breed, as their life-supporting ecosystem continues to be undermined.
The impact of world tiger population continues to decline in recent years. IUCN data in 2014 mentions, there are less than 3000 tigers left in the world.
The Sumatran Tiger project, together with the government and all concerned parties, continues to conserve the ecosystems on the island of Sumatra by using recovery of tiger habitat and their populations as an indicator of its success. Let’s support it together.
The Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS) is located in four provinces (West Sumatera Province, Jambi Province, Bengkulu Province and South Sumatra Province). The park is facing constant pressures from various sources. Forest clearing for community agricultural land, illegal logging, wildlife poaching, illegal mining, and opening of new roads degrade forest ecosystem.
In order to suppress illegal hunting and other illegal activities, the Sumatran Tiger Project supports trap clearing patrols (Patroli Sapu Jerat) conducted by Forest Police Team and the TNKS Forestry Police Partners, as well as the Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Tiger Conservation Team (PHSKS).
This patrol is focused on several activities including taking Sumatran tiger and other animals snares, documenting and recording direct or indirect encounters of wildlife, as well as threats or damage of TNKS area. Any animal passes over the snare placed by hunter can be a victim.
Tiger and other animal snares patrols in TNKS area were conducted in June 2017. The teams operated in 7 working days in 3 different locations, namely: National Park Management Section (SPTN) Region VI Bengkulu Resort Bengkulu Utara – Mukomuko (4-10 June 2017); SPTN Region I Jambi Resort Kerinci Utara (11-17 June 2017); And SPTN Region IV South Solok Resort Lambai River (15-21 June 2017).
The patrols were also conducted to follow up the patrol result of PHSKS Team in April which found many newly created traps around Ladeh Panjang location (SPTN Region I Jambi Resort Kerinci Utara).
This trap clearing patrols have been successfully implemented. The number of forest ranger attendance on the field increases. The teams did not find a new encroachment point. The number of kilometers of patrols carried out by TNKS officers using this project fund is 56.84 km. The patrols found of 44 meshes and had been able to stop hunting activity temporarily. The patrolling teams also discovered 2 deer (dead), and 2 wild boars (1 still alive) were entangled. The hunters are reluctant to enter the area after 2 months earlier PHSKS team also carried out routine patrol.
As a first step of the project activity, Sumatran Tiger Project holds coordination meeting between related parties to narrow the communication gap and synchronize biodiversity conservation activities in the Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS) landscape.
The meeting discussed current state of tiger conditions, based on monitoring results of tigers and prey animals in TNKS. Communication is one of the keys to successful law enforcement of wildlife crime cases. The meeting was held on April 28, 2017 at Hotel Odua Weston Jambi, Jambi City.
Partnership in landscape-level to solve illegal wildlife cases is expected to be developed and operated in TNKS. Rudijanta, National Project Manager (NPM) of Sumatran Tiger Project exposed Transforming Effectiveness of Biodiversity Conservation in Priority Sumatran Landscapes or Sumatran Tiger’s initiatives. Ir. Rusman, Head of Conservation Technic at BBTNKS explored management of national park area to protect wildlife. Meanwhile, Fauna and Flora International (FFI), Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Conservation Program (PHSKS) and Kerinci Seblat Sumatran Monitoring Tam (MHSKS) provided information on tiger conditions and problems facing tiger core areas.
Mr. Krismanko Padang as a resource person from Balai KSDA Jambi Province, conveyed the key to successful law enforcement of protected plants and animals. In overall, these activities had successfully built partnership among stakeholders to save Sumatran Tigers.
Good communication is needed to establish cooperation between the managers of TNKS, Gakkum, BKSDA, Dinas Kehutaan, Polri and also NGO / NGO. Spirit was high as the project gained supports and enthusiasms from participants who were willing to be involved in the project implementation.